Internal jugular vein

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Template:Infobox Vein

WikiDoc Resources for Internal jugular vein


Most recent articles on Internal jugular vein

Most cited articles on Internal jugular vein

Review articles on Internal jugular vein

Articles on Internal jugular vein in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Internal jugular vein

Images of Internal jugular vein

Photos of Internal jugular vein

Podcasts & MP3s on Internal jugular vein

Videos on Internal jugular vein

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Internal jugular vein

Bandolier on Internal jugular vein

TRIP on Internal jugular vein

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Internal jugular vein at Clinical

Trial results on Internal jugular vein

Clinical Trials on Internal jugular vein at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Internal jugular vein

NICE Guidance on Internal jugular vein


FDA on Internal jugular vein

CDC on Internal jugular vein


Books on Internal jugular vein


Internal jugular vein in the news

Be alerted to news on Internal jugular vein

News trends on Internal jugular vein


Blogs on Internal jugular vein


Definitions of Internal jugular vein

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Internal jugular vein

Discussion groups on Internal jugular vein

Patient Handouts on Internal jugular vein

Directions to Hospitals Treating Internal jugular vein

Risk calculators and risk factors for Internal jugular vein

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Internal jugular vein

Causes & Risk Factors for Internal jugular vein

Diagnostic studies for Internal jugular vein

Treatment of Internal jugular vein

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Internal jugular vein


Internal jugular vein en Espanol

Internal jugular vein en Francais


Internal jugular vein in the Marketplace

Patents on Internal jugular vein

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Internal jugular vein

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


The internal jugular vein collects the blood from the brain, from the superficial parts of the face, and from the neck.


It is directly continuous with the sigmoid sinus, and begins in the posterior compartment of the jugular foramen, at the base of the skull.

At its origin it is somewhat dilated, and this dilatation is called the superior bulb.

It runs down the side of the neck in a vertical direction, lying at first lateral to the internal carotid artery, and then lateral to the common carotid, and at the root of the neck unites with the subclavian vein to form the brachiocephalic vein (innominate vein); a little above its termination is a second dilatation, the inferior bulb.

Above, it lies upon the Rectus capitis lateralis, behind the internal carotid artery and the nerves passing through the jugular foramen; lower down, the vein and artery lie upon the same plane, the glossopharyngeal and hypoglossal nerves passing forward between them; the vagus descends between and behind the vein and the artery in the same sheath (the carotid sheath), and the accessory runs obliquely backward, superficial or deep to the vein.

At the root of the neck the right internal jugular vein is placed at a little distance from the common carotid artery, and crosses the first part of the subclavian artery, while the left internal jugular vein usually overlaps the common carotid artery.

The left vein is generally smaller than the right, and each contains a pair of valves, which are placed about 2.5 cm. above the termination of the vessel.

Clinical Relevance

The jugular veins are relatively superficial and not protected by tissues such as bone or cartilage. This makes it susceptible to damage. Due to the large volumes of blood that flow though the jugular veins, damage to the jugulars can quickly cause significant blood loss which can lead to hypovolæmic shock and then death if not treated.


As there are no valves between the right atrium of the heart and the internal jugular, blood can flow back into the internal jugular when the pressure in the atrium is sufficiently high. This can be seen from the outside, and allows one to estimate the pressure in the atrium. The pulsation seen is called the jugular venous pressure, or JVP. This is normally viewed with the patient at 45 degrees turning their head slightly away from the observer. The JVP can be raised in a number of conditions:[1]

The JVP can also be artificially raised by applying pressure to the liver (the hepatojugular reflux). This method is used to locate the JVP and distinguish it from the carotid pulse. Unlike the carotid pulse, the JVP is impalpable.


As the internal jugular is large, central and relatively superficial, it is often used to place venous lines. Such a line may be inserted for several reasons, such as to accurately measure the central venous pressure or to administer fluids when a line in a peripheral vein would be unsuitable (such as during resuscitation when peripheral veins are hard to locate).

Because the internal jugular rarely varies in its location, it is easier to find than other veins. However sometimes when a line is inserted the jugular is missed and other structures such as the carotid artery or the vagus nerve (CN X) are punctured, causing damage to those structures.

Additional images

See also


Template:Gray's Template:VeinsHeadNeck Template:Veins of the torso no:Vena jugularis interna sk:Vnútorná hrdlová žila

Template:WikiDoc Sources