|Left infratemporal fossa.|
|Gray's||subject #46 184|
The infratemporal fossa is an irregularly shaped cavity, situated below and medial to the zygomatic arch.
It is bounded by the following structures:
- anteriorly, by the infratemporal surface of the maxilla and the ridge which descends from its zygomatic process
- superiorly, by the greater wing of the sphenoid below the infratemporal crest, and by the under surface of the temporal squama
- inferiorly, by the alveolar border of the maxilla
- medially, by the lateral pterygoid plate
- laterally, by the ramus of mandible
it has no floor
Contents of the infratemporal fossa
- the lower part of the Temporalis muscle
- the Pterygoidei internus and externus (internal and external pterygoid muscle)
Internal maxillary branches found within the infratemporal fossa including the
- Mandibular nerve which is the third branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN V3), also known as the "inferior maxillary nerve" or nervus mandibularis, enters infratemporal fossa from middle cranial fossa through foramen ovale.
- meningeal nerve
- masseteric nerve
- deep temporal nerve
- lateral pterygoid nerve and medial pterygoid nerve
- buccal nerve
- auriculotemporal nerve
- lingual nerve
- inferior alveolar nerve
Its motor fibers innervate all the muscles of mastication plus the mylohyoid, anterior belly of the digastric, and the tensores veli palati and tympani
- external acoustic meatus
- tympanic membrane
- temporal region
- skin overlying the mandible (except at the angle of the mandible)
- anterior 2/3 of tongue
- floor of mouth
- lower teeth
- Moore, Keith L & Dalley, Arthur (2006). Clinically oriented anatomy (5th ed.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.