Hydroxytyrosol

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Hydroxytyrosol
Hydroxytyrosol
General
Systematic name 4-(2-Hydroxylethyl)-1,2-benzenediol
Other names 3-Hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethanol
Molecular formula C8H10O3
SMILES Oc1ccc(CCO)cc1O
Molar mass 154.16 g/mol
Appearance Clear, colorless liquid
CAS number 10597-60-1
Properties
Density and phase ? g/mL, liquid
Solubility in water 5 g/100 ml (25°C)
Melting point ?°C (? K)
Boiling point ?°C (? K)
Structure
Dipole moment ? D
Hazards
MSDS [MSDS]
Main hazards Irritant, flammable
NFPA 704
Flash point 15°C
R/S statement R: ?
S: ?
RTECS number ?
Related compounds
Related alcohols ethanol, phenol, tyrosol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Hydroxytyrosol is a phytochemical. It has antioxidant properties. Hydroxytyrosol is believed to be the antioxidant with the highest antioxidant capacity: double that of quercetin and more than 3 times that of epicatechin.

Hydroxytyrosol is found in olive oil in the form of its elenolic acid ester oleuropein and, especially after degradation, in its plain form. Both compounds, along with oleocanthal, are responsible for the bitter taste of extra virgin olive oil. The wastewaters generated during olive processing contain a high levels hydroxytyrosol, most of which can be recovered to produce hydroxytyrosol extracts.

Studies by Visioli et al (2000) showed that a low dose of hydroxytyrosol reduces the consequences of sidestream smoke-induced oxidative stress in rats.

See also

External links


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