Group B streptococcal infection classification
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Group B streptococcal infection classification On the Web
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Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection can be classified into three main categories depending on the type of affected subjects. GBS infection can occur in pregnant women, neonates, or non-pregnant adults mainly the elderly. Neonatal GBS infection can be further classified into early-onset or late-onset depending on the timing of the onset of the symptoms. Infections in newborns occurring within the first week of life are designated as early-onset disease, whereas late-onset infections occur in infants aged >1 week, with most infections evident during the first 3 months of life. 
Infection in Pregnant Women
GBS infection in pregnant women can lead to any of the following:
- No symptoms (asymptomatic carrier)
- Urinary tract infection
- Premature rupture of membrane
Infection in Neonates
GBS infection in neonates can be classified as:
- Early onset infection (within 24-48 hours, up to one week after delivery), which can lead to any of the following:
- Late onset infection (after the first week, up to 3 months of life), which can lead to any of the following:
Infection in Men and Non-Pregnant Women
- Skin and soft tissue infection
- Septic arthritis
- IV catheter infection
- Edwards MS, Baker CJ (2005). "Group B streptococcal infections in elderly adults". Clin Infect Dis. 41 (6): 839–47. doi:10.1086/432804. PMID 16107984.
- Verani J.R., McGee L, and Schrag S.J. Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease. Revised Guidelines from CDC, 2010.CDC.gov
- Berardi A, Rossi C, Lugli L, Creti R, Bacchi Reggiani ML, Lanari M; et al. (2013). "Group B streptococcus late-onset disease: 2003-2010". Pediatrics. 131 (2): e361–8. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1231. PMID 23296441.
- Farley MM (2001). "Group B streptococcal disease in nonpregnant adults". Clin Infect Dis. 33 (4): 556–61. doi:10.1086/322696. PMID 11462195.