Glycosylphosphatidylinositol diacylglycerol-lyase

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In enzymology, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol diacylglycerol-lyase (EC 4.6.1.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

6-(alpha-D-glucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 6-(alpha-D-glucosaminyl)-1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 6-(alpha-D-glucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol, and two products, 6-(alpha-D-glucosaminyl)-1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate and 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the class of phosphorus-oxygen lyases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 6-(alpha-D-glucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol-lyase [6-(alpha-D-glucosaminyl)-1D-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate-forming]. Other names in common use include (glycosyl)phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C, GPI-PLC, GPI-specific phospholipase C, VSG-lipase, glycosyl inositol phospholipid anchor-hydrolyzing enzyme, glycosylphosphatidylinositol-phospholipase C, glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C, variant-surface-glycoprotein phospholipase C, 6-(alpha-D-glucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol, and diacylglycerol-lyase (1,2-cyclic-phosphate-forming).

References

  • IUBMB entry for 4.6.1.14
  • BRENDA references for 4.6.1.14 (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for 4.6.1.14
  • PubMed Central references for 4.6.1.14
  • Google Scholar references for 4.6.1.14
  • Hereld D, Krakow JL, Bangs JD, Hart GW, Englund PT (1986). "A phospholipase C from Trypanosoma brucei which selectively cleaves the glycolipid on the variant surface glycoprotein". J. Biol. Chem. 261: 13813&ndash, 9. PMID 3759991.
  • Carnall N, Webb H, Carrington M (1997). "Mutagenesis study of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol phospholipase C of Trypanosoma brucei". Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 90: 423&ndash, 32. PMID 9476790.
  • Armah DA, Mensa-Wilmot K (2000). "Tetramerization of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C from Trypanosoma brucei". J. Biol. Chem. 275: 19334&ndash, 42. PMID 10764777.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 129070-68-4.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


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