Glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate)

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In enzymology, a glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate) (EC 1.8.5.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2 glutathione + dehydroascorbate glutathione disulfide + ascorbate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are glutathione and dehydroascorbate, whereas its two products are glutathione disulfide and ascorbate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on a sulfur group of donors with a quinone or similar compound as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is glutathione:dehydroascorbate oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include dehydroascorbic reductase, dehydroascorbic acid reductase, glutathione dehydroascorbate reductase, DHA reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase, GDOR, and glutathione:dehydroascorbic acid oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, glutamate metabolism, and glutathione metabolism.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2HZE and 2HZF.

References

  • IUBMB entry for 1.8.5.1
  • BRENDA references for 1.8.5.1 (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for 1.8.5.1
  • PubMed Central references for 1.8.5.1
  • Google Scholar references for 1.8.5.1
  • Crook EM (1941). "The system dehydroascorbic acid-glutathione". Biochem. J. 35: 226&ndash, 236.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 9026-38-4.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes

Template:1.8-enzyme-stub


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