Gastroparesis other diagnostic studies

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sadaf Sharfaei M.D.[2]


Other diagnostic studies for diagnosis of gastroparesis include 13C-octanoic acid breath test, the SmartPill wireless motility capsule (WMC) system, and electrogastrography. All of them could measure the gastric motility and recognize delayed gastric emptying. Electrogastrography is useful for differentiating gastroparesis from functional dyspepsia by identifying underlying myoelectrical activity.

Other Diagnostic Studies

Breath Test

The SmartPill wireless motility capsule (WMC) system 


  • Electrogastrography is used to evaluate gastric electrical activity.[6][7]
  • Electrogastrography is useful for differentiating gastroparesis from functional dyspepsia by identifying underlying myoelectrical activity.

Antroduodenal manometry

  • In antroduodenal manometry, a water-perfused or solid-state manometric catheter is passed from the nares/mouth and placed fluoroscopically into the stomach and small bowel to measure the gastroduodenal contractile activity.
  • Motor patterns of gastroparesis in antroduodenal manometry includes:[8][9]
    • Postprandial antral hypomotility due to infrequent contractions and/or low amplitudes
    • Abnormal propagation of antroduodenal contractions
    • Increased pyloric spasms which are characterized by an increased tonic and phasic activity
    • Abnormal migrating motor complexes (MMC), less frequently originating from the stomach


  1. Zahn A, Langhans CD, Hoffner S, Haberkorn U, Rating D, Haass M, Enck P, Stremmel W, Rühl A (2003). "Measurement of gastric emptying by 13C-octanoic acid breath test versus scintigraphy in diabetics". Z Gastroenterol. 41 (5): 383–90. doi:10.1055/s-2003-39331. PMID 12772050.
  2. Tang, Derek M.; Friedenberg, Frank K. (2011). "Gastroparesis: Approach, Diagnostic Evaluation, and Management". Disease-a-Month. 57 (2): 74–101. doi:10.1016/j.disamonth.2010.12.007. ISSN 0011-5029.
  3. Koch, Kenneth L.; Calles-Escandón, Jorge (2015). "Diabetic Gastroparesis". Gastroenterology Clinics of North America. 44 (1): 39–57. doi:10.1016/j.gtc.2014.11.005. ISSN 0889-8553.
  4. Hasler WL (2014). "The use of SmartPill for gastric monitoring". Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 8 (6): 587–600. doi:10.1586/17474124.2014.922869. PMID 24881810.
  5. Saad RJ (2016). "The Wireless Motility Capsule: a One-Stop Shop for the Evaluation of GI Motility Disorders". Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 18 (3): 14. doi:10.1007/s11894-016-0489-x. PMID 26908282.
  6. Rossi Z, Forlini G, Fenderico P, Cipolla R, Nasoni S (2005). "Electrogastrography". Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 9 (5 Suppl 1): 29–35. PMID 16457127.
  7. Sanmiguel CP, Mintchev MP, Bowes KL (1998). "Electrogastrography: a noninvasive technique to evaluate gastric electrical activity". Can. J. Gastroenterol. 12 (6): 423–30. PMID 9784898.
  8. Haans JJ, Masclee AA (2007). "Review article: The diagnosis and management of gastroparesis". Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 26 Suppl 2: 37–46. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2036.2007.03534.x. PMID 18081647.
  9. Waseem S, Moshiree B, Draganov PV (2009). "Gastroparesis: current diagnostic challenges and management considerations". World J Gastroenterol. 15 (1): 25–37. PMC 2653292. PMID 19115465.

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