Ganglion cell layer

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Ganglion cell layer
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Section of retina. (Ganglionic layer labeled at right, third from the top.)
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Plan of retinal neurons. (Ganglionic layer labeled at left, third from the top.)
Gray's subject #225 1016
Dorlands/Elsevier l_05/12480427

The ganglion cell layer (ganglionic layer) consists of a single layer of large ganglion cells, except in the macula lutea, where there are several strata.

The cells are somewhat flask-shaped; the rounded internal surface of each resting on the stratum opticum, and sending off an axon which is prolonged into it.

From the opposite end numerous dendrites extend into the inner plexiform layer, where they branch and form flattened arborizations at different levels.

The ganglion cells vary much in size, and the dendrites of the smaller ones as a rule arborize in the inner plexiform layer as soon as they enter it; while those of the larger cells ramify close to the inner nuclear layer.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.