Fibromyalgia secondary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Aditya Ganti M.B.B.S. [2]


There are no specific secondary preventive measures available for fibromyalgia. However, proper treatment and lifestyle changes can help reduce the frequency and severity of symptoms. Secondary preventive measures for fibromyalgia include adequate sleep, reducing emotional and mental stress, regular exercise, following a balanced diet, and monitoring one's own symptoms.[1][2][3]

Secondary prevention

Proper treatment and lifestyle changes can help reduce the frequency and severity of symptoms. Secondary preventive measures for fibromyalgia include:[1][2][3]

Adequate sleep

Reducing emotional and mental stress

Regular exercise

  • Regular, moderate exercise can keep the muscles and joints healthy
  • Walking is a good way to stay healthy and active without strenuous effort

Following a balanced diet

  • Flare-ups can be reduced by eating a balanced diet and avoiding foods and drinks that make symptoms worse
  • It is often advised to avoid fried foods and foods containing caffeine or high levels of sodium


  • Maintaining a diary about symptoms can help to pinpoint the triggers that cause flare-ups


  1. 1.0 1.1 Vierck CJ (2012). "A mechanism-based approach to prevention of and therapy for fibromyalgia". Pain Res Treat. 2012: 951354. doi:10.1155/2012/951354. PMC 3200141. PMID 22110947.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Altomonte L, Atzeni F, Leardini G, Marsico A, Gorla R, Casale R, Cassisi G, Stisi S, Salaffi F, Marinangeli F, Giamberardino MA, Di Franco M, Biasi G, Arioli G, Alciati A, Ceccherelli F, Bazzichi L, Carignola R, Cazzola M, Torta R, Buskila D, Spath M, Gracely RH, Sarzi-Puttini P (2008). "Fibromyalgia syndrome: preventive, social and economic aspects". Reumatismo. 60 Suppl 1: 70–8. PMID 18852910.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Arnold LM, Clauw DJ, Dunegan LJ, Turk DC (2012). "A framework for fibromyalgia management for primary care providers". Mayo Clin. Proc. 87 (5): 488–96. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2012.02.010. PMC 3498162. PMID 22560527.