3D model (JSmol)
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|Molar mass||60.10 g/mol|
|Appearance||colourless liquid (impure: yellow)|
|Density||0.899 g/cm3, liquid|
|Solubility||Most polar solvents|
|Molecular shape||Tetrahedral at N and C|
|Main hazards||Flammable, corrosive|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for|
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Ethylenediamine is the organic compound with the formula C2H8N2. It is a colorless to yellowish liquid, with an ammonia-like odor. It is relatively basic, and is completely miscible in polar solvents such as water and ethanol. It is widely used as a building block for polymers and as a ligand for coordination compounds.
- ClCH2CH2Cl + 4 NH3 → H2NCH2CH2NH2 + 2 NH4Cl
Ethylenediamine is used in the following applied and fundamental ways:
- as a solvent for proteins like albumins or casein, as a part of electroplating baths, lubricant for textiles, stabilizer in latex emulsions, and in polyamide adhesives.
- as a corrosion inhibitor in paints and coolants.
- as a renowned chelating agent. A representative complex is [Co(H2NCH2CH2NH2)3]3+
- as part of many medicaments, as a chemical stabilizer
- as a building block to many organic compounds, including pharmaceuticals, e.g. aminophylline and some antihistamines.
- as a food and cattle feed additive as ethylenediamine dihydroiodide (EDDI).
- as a core for PAMAM dendrimers
Ethylenediamine is used in large quantities for production of many industrial chemicals. It is very reactive, readily forms compounds with carboxylic acids (amides), fatty acids (imidazoline), nitriles (amidoamines, polyamides, imidazolines), alcohols and glycols (alkylated or cyclic ethyleneamines), alkylhalides and arylhalides (substituted amines), carbon disulfide (thiocarbamates), and forms water soluble salts with inorganic acids. Some products for which EDA is an important precursor are chelate agents like EDTA, the bleaching activator tetra acetyl ethylene diamine, chemicals for color photography developing, lubricants for the molding and processing of plastics, fuel additives, carbamate fungicides, binders, adhesives, fabric softeners, surfactants, curing agents for epoxys, and dyes.
Ethylenediamine exposure can cause the skin to become irritated. It was used in commercially available skin products including Mycolog cream. Ethylenediamine has a half-life of about 30 minutes and a small volume of distribution of 0.133 liters/kg. After oral administration its bioavailability is about 0.34, due to a substantial first-pass effect. Less than 20% is eliminated by renal excretion.
Ethylenediamine is the diamine analogue of the dialcohol ethylene glycol. And as glycol is the first of a series of polyethylene glycols, EDA is the first member of polyethylene amines:
- Diethylenetriamine, abbreviated dien or DETA,(H2N-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH2, an analog of diethylene glycol)
- Triethylenetetramine, abbreviated trien or TETA, (H2N-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH2)
- Tetraethylenepentamine, abbreviated TEPA, (H2N-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH2),
- Pentaethylenehexamine, abbreviated PEHA, (H2N-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH-CH2CH2-NH2), up to polyethylene amine. Similarly piperazine is an analogue of dioxane.
- Tetraethylethylenediamine, abbreviated (TEEDA), (C2H5)2N-CH2CH2-N(C2H5)2
- Hogan DJ. (Jan 1990). "Allergic contact dermatitis to ethylenediamine. A continuing problem". Dermatol Clin. 8 (1): 133–6. PMID 2137392.
- Zuidema J. (23 Aug 1985 23). "Ethylenediamine, profile of a sensitizing excipient". Pharmacy World & Science. 7 (4): 134–40. doi:10.1007/BF02097249. PMID 3900925. Check date values in: