Epinephrine (aerosol)

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Epinephrine (aerosol)
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Adeel Jamil, M.D. [2]

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Overview

Epinephrine (aerosol) is an adrenergic, sympathomimetic and bronchodilator agent that is FDA approved for the treatment of for temporary relief of shortness of breath, tightness of chest and wheezing due to bronchial asthma. Common adverse reactions include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, anxiety, sweating and palpitation.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in adult patients.

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric) in the drug label.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in pediatric patients.

Contraindications

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Contraindications in the drug label.

Warnings

  • For oral inhalation therapy only
  • MEDIHALER-EPI is intended for oral inhalation only. Do not use this product more frequently or at higher doses than recommended unless directed by a physician. Excessive use may cause nervousness and rapid heart beat, and, possibly adverse effects on the heart. Do not continue to use this product, but seek medical assistance immediately if symptoms are not relieved within 20 minutes or become worse.
  • As with any drug, if you are pregnant or nursing a baby, seek the advise of a health professional before using this product. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children. In case of accidental overdose, seek professional assistance or contact a poison control center immediately.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

  • Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, anxiety, sweating and palpitation

Postmarketing Experience

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Postmarketing Experience in the drug label.

Drug Interactions

  • Do not use this product if you are presently taking a prescription drug for high blood pressure or depression without first consulting your physician.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA): There is no FDA guidance on usage of Epinephrine (aerosol) in women who are pregnant.
Pregnancy Category (AUS): There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of Epinephrine (aerosol) in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Epinephrine (aerosol) during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in women who are nursing.

Pediatric Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in pediatric settings.

Geriatic Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in geriatric settings.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in patients with renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in patients with hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in women of reproductive potentials and males.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Epinephrine (aerosol) in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Administration in the drug label.

Monitoring

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Monitoring in the drug label.

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding the compatibility of Epinephrine (aerosol) and IV administrations.

Overdosage

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) overdosage. If you suspect drug poisoning or overdose, please contact the National Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) immediately.

Pharmacology

Epinephrine (aerosol)
Skeletal formula of adrenaline
Ball-and-stick model of the adrenaline molecule
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
[[Regulation of therapeutic goods |Template:Engvar data]]
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Addiction
liability
None
Routes of
administration
IV, IM, endotracheal, IC, Nasal Ophthalmic
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • AU: S4 (Prescription only)
  • UK: POM (Prescription only)
  • US: OTC
Pharmacokinetic data
Metabolismadrenergic synapse (MAO and COMT)
Elimination half-life2 minutes
ExcretionUrine
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
PDB ligand
E number{{#property:P628}}
ECHA InfoCard{{#property:P2566}}Lua error in Module:EditAtWikidata at line 36: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC9H13NO3
Molar mass183.204 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)
  (verify)

Mechanism of Action

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Mechanism of Action in the drug label.

Structure

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Structure in the drug label.

Pharmacodynamics

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Pharmacodynamics in the drug label.

Pharmacokinetics

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Pharmacokinetics in the drug label.

Nonclinical Toxicology

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Nonclinical Toxicology in the drug label.

Clinical Studies

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Clinical Studies in the drug label.

How Supplied

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) How Supplied in the drug label.

Storage

  • Do not puncture or incinerate canister. Do not store near heat.
  • Exposure to temperatures above 120˚F may cause bursting.
  • Store at controlled room temperature between 15˚C and 30˚C (59˚F and 86˚F).

Images

Drug Images

Package and Label Display Panel

Patient Counseling Information

DIRECTIONS=

  • Each inhalation contains the equivalent of 0.16 milligrams epinephrine delivered at the mouthpiece. Inhalation dosage for adults and children 4 years of age and older: start with one inhalation, then wait at least one minute. If not relieved, use MEDIHALER-EPI once more. Do not use again for at least three hours. The use of this product by children should be supervised by an adult. Children under 4 years of age: consult a physician.
  • MEDIHALER-EPI delivers the same dose every time. It does not depend on the strength with which the canister is pressed against the oral adapter or on the time the canister is held down. The canister must be released before it can be depressed again for another dose.
  • MEDIHALER-EPI is designed to deliver a sufficient dose for most people in one or occasionally two inhalations. It is not necessary to use several applications in rapid succession. Use only when you actually need relief. Do no get into the habit of using MEDIHALER-EPI indiscriminately.
  • Before each use, remove dust cap and inspect oral adapter for foreign objects. Shake MADIHALER-EPI well. To get the medication deep into the lungs, follow these three simple steps which can be completed within five seconds:
  • Breath out fully and place mouthpiece well into the mouth, aimed at the back of the throat.
  • As you begin to breathe in deeply, press the canister firmly down into the adapter with the index finger, and continue to inhale. This releases one dose.
  • Release pressure on canister and remove unit from the mouth. Hold the breath as long as possible, then breathe out slowly.
  • Replace dust cap after each use.
  • MEDIHALER-EPI is packaged in a shatterproof aluminum canister fitted with a specially designed valve. It can be used only with the MEDIHALER-EPI oral adapter, a non-breakable inhaler device.

DESCRIPTION

  • For speed of relief and convenience, MEDIHALER-EPI oral inhaler comes ready to use. It consists of two parts:
  • A. An aluminum canister, containing the medication, with a single dose valve, which fits into
  • B. The white plastic oral adapter. The canister can be used only with the MEDIHALER-EPI oral adapter.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The plastic oral adapter should be cleaned daily. Simply remove canister, wash adapter with soap and hot water, and rinse thoroughly. Dry adapter and replace the canister and dust cap.

Precautions with Alcohol

Alcohol-Epinephrine (aerosol) interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Brand Names in the drug label.

Look-Alike Drug Names

There is limited information regarding Epinephrine (aerosol) Look-Alike Drug Names in the drug label.

Drug Shortage Status

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.


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