Encephalocele

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Encephalocele
Encephalocele fetal MRI 003.jpg
Fetal encephalocele
ICD-10 Q01
DiseasesDB 29394
eMedicine radio/246 
MeSH D004677

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Overview

Encephalocele, sometimes known by the Latin name cranium bifidum, is a neural tube defect characterized by sac-like protrusions of the brain and the membranes that cover it through openings in the skull. These defects are caused by failure of the neural tube to close completely during fetal development.[1]There have been studies and evidence linking NTD's to folic acid deficiency. The severity of encephalocele varies, depending on the location. Currently, the only effective treatments are reparative surgeries following birth. The degree to which they can be corrected varies greatly on where and how big the encephalocele is.

Diagnostic Findings

MRI

(Images courtesy of RadsWiki)

See Also

References

  1. NINDS Encephaloceles Information Page, NINDS, February 12 2007 . Retrieved on 2007-09-26.

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