Dysphagia secondary prevention
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Effective measures for the secondary prevention of dysphagia include chewing your food thoroughly and eating slowly.
- Effective measures for the secondary prevention of dysphagia include:
- Chewing food thoroughly
- Eating slowly
- Swallowing therapy for stroke patients
- Other strategies include measures taken to prevent aspiration pneumnonia as swallowing disorders include:
1. Prevention of aspiration during feeding
Following strategeis help in feeding and preventing aspiration:
- 30 minute rest before feeding
- Make the person sit upright or elevate bed-rest to 90 degree angle.
- 'Chin-down' or' chin tuck' maneuver which is a head and neck flexion which need to be avoided in cervical injured patients
- Avoid rushing to feed or providing appropriate time in between two feeds
- Alternate solid and liquid boluses of diet
- Consistency suited to personal needs to patient e.g. semisolid or pureed or mechanically altered
- Minimizing sedatives to reduce the loss of cough reflex
2. Prevention of aspiration during tube feeding
- Bedrest elevation to 30 degree at least for continuous feed
- Noting the signs when the patient feels nauseous, abdominal fullness or pain
- Check for the residual volume for gastric emptying time of the patient
- Use motility drugs if residual volume is ≥ 250 ml
- Nasogastric tube feeding is similar to percutaneous gastric tube feeding 
3. Prevention of aspiration during oral care
- Care of teeth and dentures to fit properly as misfit dentures are more prone to aspiration.
- Evidence shows that oral cleaning and hygiene in nursing home residents reduce the risk of aspiration and improves the overall quality of life.
- Philpott, Hamish; Garg, Mayur; Tomic, Dunya; Balasubramanian, Smrithya; Sweis, Rami (2017). "Dysphagia: Thinking outside the box". World Journal of Gastroenterology. 23 (38): 6942–6951. doi:10.3748/wjg.v23.i38.6942. ISSN 1007-9327.
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- Terré R, Mearin F (2012). "Effectiveness of chin-down posture to prevent tracheal aspiration in dysphagia secondary to acquired brain injury. A videofluoroscopy study". Neurogastroenterol. Motil. 24 (5): 414–9, e206. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2982.2011.01869.x. PMID 22309385.
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