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|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for|
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Dolichol refers to any of a group of long-chain mostly unsaturated organic compounds which are made up of varying numbers of isoprene units terminating in an α-saturated isoprenoid group, containing an alcohol functional group.
In addition, they play a role in protein N-glycosylation in the form of dolichol pyrophosphate by carrying the preassembled oligosaccharide Glc3-Man9-GlcNAc2 (where Glc is glucose, Man is mannose, and GlcNAc is N-acetylglucosamine) which is transferred to certain asparagine residues of nascent polypeptide chains. Dolichol is also involved in transfer of the monosaccharides to the forming Glc3-Man9-GlcNAc2-Dolichol carrier.
Role in Aging
It is a product of the HMG-CoA reductase pathway, as characteristic for all terpenes produced via the mevalonate pathway. First, a cis(or Z)-prenyltransferase catalyzes condensation of Farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) with a varying number (dependent on the particular cis-prenyltransferase) of ispentyl diphoshate (IPP) molecules, resulting in polyprenyl diphosphate (also known as dehydrodolichyl diphoshate). This subsequently undergoes loss of both phosphate groups resulting in a polyprenol (dehydrodolichol). Last, the α isoprenoid unit is saturated by α-saturase (still a hypothetical enzyme), and this α-saturated polyprenyl alcohol is Dolichol. 
- "J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2005 Jan;60(1):39-43".
- "Schenk, B.; Fernandez, F.; Waechter, C. J. Glycobiology, 2001, 11(5), 61R-70R."
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