Conocybe cyanopus

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Conocybe cyanopus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Genus: Conocybe
Species: C. cyanopus
Binomial name
Conocybe cyanopus
(Atkins) Kuhner
Synonyms

Pholiotina cyanopoda
Conocybe cyanopoda
Galerula cyanopus

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''Conocybe cyanopus''
mycological characteristics:
Gills icon.png 
gills on hymenium

hymenium is adnate

stipe is bare

spore print is brown

ecology is saprophytic

edibility: psychoactive

Conocybe cyanopus is a member of the genus Conocybe which contains the hallucinogenic compound psilocybin. It is formerly known as Pholiotina cyanopoda, Conocybe cyanopoda, and Galerula cyanopus.

Description

Conocybe cyanopus is a small saprophytic mushroom with a conic to broadly convex cap which is smooth and colored ocher to cinnamon brown. It is usually less than 25 mm across and the margin is striate, often with fibrous remnants of the partial veil. The gills are adnate and close, colored cinnamon brown with whitish edges near the margin, darkening in age. The spores are cinnamon brown, smooth and ellipsoid with a germ pore, measuring 8 x 5 micrometres. The stem is smooth and fragile, whitish at the bottom and brownish at the top, 2-4 cm long, 1 to 1.5 mm thick, and is equal width for most of the length, often swelling at the base. The stem lacks an annulus (ring) and the base usually stains blue.

The cap color lightens when it dries, turning a tan color.

Distribution and habitat

Conocybe cyanopus often grows in lawns, fields, grassy areas. Rare.

It is known to occur in cool climates of North America and Europe but is probably more widely distributed.

Edibility

Hallucinogenic, containing psilocin, psilocybin, and baeocystin. This mushroom contains between 0.5 to 1.0 percent psilocybin. Most mycologists recommend against eating this mushroom because it is easy to mistake for poisonous species.

Dosage: mg/g psilocybin 9.3-4.5 mg/g psilocin .7-.00 mg/g baeocystin .3-1

References

  • Stamets, Paul. (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0898158397
  • Conocybe cyanopus info [1]

gl:Conocybe cyanopus



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