Compression fracture

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Overview

A compression fracture is a collapse of a vertebra.

Pathophysiology

A compression fracture may be due to trauma or due to a weakened vertebra in a patient with osteoporosis or Osteogenesis Imperfecta.

Treatment

Conservative treatment

Surgical

  • Kyphoplasty[2] and Vertebroplasty[2][3], minimally invasive procedures designed to treat pain from osteoporotic compression fractures and sometimes other forms of fracture, such as a fracture caused by certain types of cancer.

References

  1. Knopp JA, Diner BM, Blitz M, Lyritis GP, Rowe BH (2005). "Calcitonin for treating acute pain of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures: a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials". Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA. 16 (10): 1281–90. doi:10.1007/s00198-004-1798-8. PMID 15614441.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Taylor RS, Taylor RJ, Fritzell P (2006). "Balloon kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty for vertebral compression fractures: a comparative systematic review of efficacy and safety". Spine. 31 (23): 2747–55. doi:10.1097/01.brs.0000244639.71656.7d. PMID 17077747.
  3. Taylor RS, Fritzell P, Taylor RJ (2007). "Balloon kyphoplasty in the management of vertebral compression fractures: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis". doi:10.1007/s00586-007-0308-z. PMID 17277923.