Commotio cordis medical therapy

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Commotio cordis Microchapters


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Differentiating Commotio cordis from other Diseases

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

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Fulminant death is the most common outcome, because cardiopulmonary resuscitation requires quick action by a specialized medical team, using a defibrillator and cardioactive drugs, and these are rarely on hand in sports arenas. Due to the significant danger to children (death by commotio cordis is the first cause of fatalities in youth baseball in the US, with 2 to 3 deaths per year[1], it has been recommended that "communities and school districts reexamine the need for accessible automatic defibrillators and cardiopulmonary resuscitation-trained coaches at organized sporting events for children[2]."


  1. Abrunzo TJ. Commotio cordis. The single, most common cause of traumatic death in youth baseball. Am J Dis Child. 1991 Nov;145(11):1279-82. Review. PMID 1951221
  2. Salib EA, Cyran SE, Cilley RE, Maron BJ, Thomas NJ. Efficacy of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and out-of-hospital automated external defibrillation as life-saving therapy in commotio cordis. J Pediatr. 2005 Dec;147(6):863-6. Review. PMID 16356450

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