Canal of the cervix

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Canal of the cervix
Gray1167.svg
Posterior half of uterus and upper part of vagina.
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Latin canalis cervicis uteri
Gray's subject #268 1260
Dorlands/Elsevier c_04/12208566

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In the anatomy of the female reproductive system, the canal of the cervix (also called the endocervical canal, cervical canal, cervical canal of uterus, or the cavity of cervix) is the spindle-shaped, flattened canal of the cervix, the neck of the uterus.

It communicates with the uterine cavity via the internal orifice of the uterus, and with the vagina via the external orifice.

The wall of the canal presents an anterior and a posterior longitudinal ridge, from each of which proceed a number of small oblique columns, the palmate folds, giving the appearance of branches from the stem of a tree; to this arrangement the name arbor vitæ uteri is applied.

The folds on the two walls are not exactly opposed, but fit between one another so as to close the cervical canal.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.



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