Burkholderia

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Burkholderia
B. pseudomallei colonies on a blood agar plate.
B. pseudomallei colonies on a blood agar plate.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Beta Proteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
Family: Burkholderiaceae
Genus: Burkholderia
Species

Burkholderia ambifaria
Burkholderia andropogonis
Burkholderia anthina
Burkholderia brasilensis
Burkholderia caledonica
Burkholderia caribensis
Burkholderia caryophylli
Burkholderia cenocepacia
Burkholderia cepacia
Burkholderia cepacia complex
Burkholderia dolosa
Burkholderia fungorum
Burkholderia gladioli
Burkholderia glathei
Burkholderia glumae
Burkholderia graminis
Burkholderia hospita
Burkholderia kururiensis
Burkholderia mallei
Burkholderia multivorans
Burkholderia phenazinium
Burkholderia phenoliruptrix
Burkholderia phymatum
Burkholderia phytofirmans
Burkholderia plantarii
Burkholderia pseudomallei
Burkholderia pyrrocinia
Burkholderia sacchari
Burkholderia singaporensis
Burkholderia sordidicola
Burkholderia stabilis
Burkholderia terricola
Burkholderia thailandensis
Burkholderia tropica
Burkholderia tuberum
Burkholderia ubonensis
Burkholderia unamae
Burkholderia vietnamiensis
Burkholderia xenovorans
"Candidatus Burkholderia calva"
"Candidatus Burkholderia kirkii"
"Candidatus Burkholderia nigropunctata"
"Candidatus Burkholderia verschuerenii"

Burkholderia is a genus of proteobacteria probably best-known for its pathogenic members: Burkholderia mallei, responsible for glanders, a disease that occurs mostly in horses and related animals; Burkholderia pseudomallei, causative agent of melioidosis; and Burkholderia cepacia, an important source of pulmonary infection in people with cystic fibrosis (CF). The Burkholderia (previously part of Pseudomonas) genus name refers to a group of virtually ubiquitous gram-negative, motile, obligately aerobic rod-shaped bacteria including both animal/human (see above) and plant pathogens as well as some environmentally-important species. In particular, B. xenovorans (previously named Pseudomonas cepacia then B. cepacia and B. fungorum) is renowned for their ability to degrade chlororganic pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The use of Burkholderia species for agricultural purposes (such as biodegradation, biocontrol and as plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria) is subject to discussions because of possible pathogenic effects in immuno-compromised people (especially CF-sufferers), e.g., hospital acquired infections. Due to their antibiotic resistance and the high mortality rate from their associated diseases Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei are considered to be potential biological warfare agents, targeting livestock and humans.

External links


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