Balanoposthitis

Jump to: navigation, search

WikiDoc Resources for Balanoposthitis

Articles

Most recent articles on Balanoposthitis

Most cited articles on Balanoposthitis

Review articles on Balanoposthitis

Articles on Balanoposthitis in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ

Media

Powerpoint slides on Balanoposthitis

Images of Balanoposthitis

Photos of Balanoposthitis

Podcasts & MP3s on Balanoposthitis

Videos on Balanoposthitis

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Balanoposthitis

Bandolier on Balanoposthitis

TRIP on Balanoposthitis

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Balanoposthitis at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Balanoposthitis

Clinical Trials on Balanoposthitis at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Balanoposthitis

NICE Guidance on Balanoposthitis

NHS PRODIGY Guidance

FDA on Balanoposthitis

CDC on Balanoposthitis

Books

Books on Balanoposthitis

News

Balanoposthitis in the news

Be alerted to news on Balanoposthitis

News trends on Balanoposthitis

Commentary

Blogs on Balanoposthitis

Definitions

Definitions of Balanoposthitis

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Balanoposthitis

Discussion groups on Balanoposthitis

Patient Handouts on Balanoposthitis

Directions to Hospitals Treating Balanoposthitis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Balanoposthitis

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Balanoposthitis

Causes & Risk Factors for Balanoposthitis

Diagnostic studies for Balanoposthitis

Treatment of Balanoposthitis

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Balanoposthitis

International

Balanoposthitis en Espanol

Balanoposthitis en Francais

Business

Balanoposthitis in the Marketplace

Patents on Balanoposthitis

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Balanoposthitis

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Balanoposthitis is an inflammation of the glans penis and the foreskin.

Symptoms and Signs

  • Soreness
  • Irritation
  • Subpreputial discharge
  • Phimosis
  • Superficial ulcerations
  • Inguinal adenopathy
  • Anxiety
  • Lower back pain
  • Fatigue
  • Redness of penis
  • Painful penis and foreskin
  • Rashes on the penis and foul smell discharge

Treatment of Balanoposthitis

  • Topical antibiotics like metronidazole cream and antifungals clotrimazole cream or low-potency steroid creams are suggested beneficial for this disease.
  • Proper hygiene and regular washing of prepuce is useful for the prevention of balanoposthitis.
  • Circumcision may be promoted in recurrent and recalcitrant cases.

Since anaerobic conditions are necessary for growth of the offending organisms, simple exposure to air and local cleansing is most often effective. Formerly, this treatment, used with peroxide powder and arsphenamine and, in severe cases, a dorsal slit, was the extent of therapy. With the advent of penicillin and other systemic and local antibiotics, the treatment is specific and effective; however, even now a dorsal slit procedure is sometimes necessary.

In other animals

In dogs, balanoposthitis is caused by a disruption in the integumentary system, such as a wound or intrusion of a foreign body. A dog with this condition behaves normally, with the exception of excessive licking at the prepuce, and a yellow green, pus-like discharge is usually present. In sheep (rams/wethers), ulcerative enzootic balanoposthitis is caused by the Corynebacterium renale group (C. renale, C. pilosum & C. cystidis). It is also known as "pizzle rot". For the condition in bulls, caused by a virus see Bovine herpesvirus 1. Balanoposthitis is believed to have contributed to the decline to near-extinction of Gilbert's potoroo.[1]

References

  1. Rebecca Vaughan-Higgins, Nicky Buller, J. Anthony Friend, Ian Robertson, Cree L. Monaghan, Stan Fenwick, and Kristin Warren (2011) Balanoposthitis, Dyspareunia, and Treponema in the Critically Endangered Gilbert's Potoroo (Potorous gilbertii). Journal of Wildlife Diseases: October 2011, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 1019-1025.

Linked-in.jpg