Bacteriostatic antibiotics hamper the growth of bacteria by interfering with bacterial:
- Protein production,
- DNA replication,
- Cellular metabolism.
Bacteriostatic antibiotics inhibit growth and reproduction of bacteria without killing them; killing is done by bactericidal agents. Bacteriostatic agents must work with the immune system to remove the microorganisms from the body. However, there is not always a precise distinction between them and bactericides; high concentrations of most bacteriostatic agents are also bactericidal, whereas low concentrations of bacteriocidal agents are only bacteriostatic.
This group includes the tetracyclines, sulphonamides, spectinomycin, trimethoprim, chloramphenicol, macrolides and lincosamides.
bg:Бактериостатик da:Bakteriostatisk de:Bakteriostatikum lt:Bakteriostatikas hu:Bakteriosztatikus hatás nl:Bacteriostatisch en bactericide no:Bakteriostatika