Axial skeleton

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Overview

The axial skeleton consists of the 80 bones in the head and trunk of the human body. It is composed of five parts; the human skull, the ossicles of the inner ear, the hyoid bone of the throat, the chest, and the vertebral column. The axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton together form the complete skeleton.

Skull

Skull (22)

  • Cranial Bones (8)
    • Parietal (2)
    • Temporal (2)
    • Frontal (1)
    • Occipital (1)
    • Ethmoid (1)
    • Sphenoid (1)
  • Facial Bones (14)
    • Maxilla (2)
    • Zygomatic (2)
    • Mandible (1)
    • Nasal (2)
    • Palatine (2)
    • Inferior nasal concha (2)
    • Lacrimal (2)
    • Homer (1)

Auditory Ossicles

Ossicles (6)

  • Malleus (2)
  • Incus (2)
  • Stapes (2)

Hyoid bone

Hyoid bone (1) U-shape bone located in the neck. It anchors the tongue and is associated with swallowing.

Vertebral column

Vetebral Column (26)

  • Cervical vertebrae (7)
  • Thoracic vertebrae (12)
  • Lumbar vertebrae (5)
  • Sacrum (1)
  • Coccyx (1)

Chest

Thoracic cage (25)

  • Sternum (1)
  • Ribs (24)

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