Atelectasis physical examination
Atelectasis physical examination On the Web
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Patients with atelectasis usually have non specific signs on physical examination. Physical examination of patients with atelectasis is usually remarkable for decreased chest expansion, mediastinal displacement towards the affected side and elevation of the diaphragm. Patients may develop dullness to percussion over the involved area, wheezing and diminished or absent breath sounds on auscultation.
Appearance of the Patient
- Patients with atelectasis usually appear normal with non specific signs on physical exam.
- Decreased chest excursion of the involved hemithorax
- Dullness to percussion over the involved area
- Neck examination of patients with atelectasis is usually normal.
- Tracheal deviation towards the affected side may be visible.
- Cardiovascular examination of patients with atelectasis is usually normal.
- Cyanosis (late sign)