Alfuzosin

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Alfuzosin
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vignesh Ponnusamy, M.B.B.S. [2]

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Overview

Alfuzosin is an alpha adrenergic antagonist that is FDA approved for the {{{indicationType}}} of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Common adverse reactions include dizziness, upper respiratory tract infection, headache, and fatigue.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
  • Dosing Information
  • The recommended dosage is one 10 mg alfuzosin hydrochloride extended-release tablet once daily. The extent of absorption of alfuzosin is 50% lower under fasting conditions. Therefore, alfuzosin hydrochloride should be taken with food and with the same meal each day. The tablets should not be chewed or crushed.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Alfuzosin in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

Acute retention of urine - Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Alfuzosin 10 milligrams (mg) once daily.[1]
Erectile dysfunction - Lower urinary tract symptoms
  • Alfuzosin 10 mg orally once daily for 4 weeks.[2]
Hypertension
  • Oral alfuzosin 5 milligrams.[3]
Ureteric stone=
  • Alfuzosin 10 milligrams.[4]

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

There is limited information regarding FDA-Labeled Use of Alfuzosin in pediatric patients.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Alfuzosin in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Alfuzosin in pediatric patients.

Contraindications

  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride is contraindicated for use:
  • in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment (Childs-Pugh categories B and C), since alfuzosin blood levels are increased in these patients.
  • with potent CYP3A4 inhibitors such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, and ritonavir, since alfuzosin blood levels are increased.
  • in patients with known hypersensitivity, such as urticaria and angioedema, to alfuzosin hydrochloride or any component of alfuzosin hydrochloride tablets.

Warnings

Precautions

  • Postural Hypotension
  • Postural hypotension with or without symptoms (e.g., dizziness) may develop within a few hours following administration of alfuzosin hydrochloride. As with other alpha adrenergic antagonists, there is a potential for syncope. Patients should be warned of the possible occurrence of such events and should avoid situations where injury could result should syncope occur. There may be an increased risk of hypotension/postural hypotension and syncope when taking alfuzosin hydrochloride concomitantly with anti-hypertensive medication and nitrates. Care should be taken when alfuzosin hydrochloride is administered to patients with symptomatic hypotension or patients who have had a hypotensive response to other medications.
  • Patients with Renal Impairment
  • Caution should be exercised when alfuzosin hydrochloride is administered in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min).
  • Patients with Hepatic Impairment
  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride is contraindicated for use in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment. Although the pharmacokinetics of alfuzosin hydrochloride have not been studied in patients with mild hepatic impairment, caution should be exercised when alfuzosin hydrochloride is administered to such patients.
  • Drug-Drug Interactions
  • Potent CYP3A4 Inhibitors: Alfuzosin hydrochloride is contraindicated for use with potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir) since alfuzosin blood levels are increased.
  • Other alpha adrenergic antagonists: Alfuzosin hydrochloride is an alpha adrenergic antagonist and should not be used in combination with other alpha adrenergic antagonist.
  • Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) Inhibitors: PDE5-inhibitors are also vasodilators. Caution is advised for concomitant use of PDE5-inhibitors and alfuzosin hydrochloride, as this combination can potentially cause symptomatic hypotension.
  • Prostatic Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma of the prostate and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) cause many of the same symptoms. These two diseases frequently coexist. Therefore, patients thought to have BPH should be examined to rule out the presence of carcinoma of the prostate prior to starting treatment with alfuzosin hydrochloride.
  • Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome (IFIS)
  • IFIS has been observed during cataract surgery in some patients on or previously treated with alpha adrenergic antagonists. This variant of small pupil syndrome is characterized by the combination of a flaccid iris that billows in response to intraoperative irrigation currents, progressive intraoperative miosis despite preoperative dilation with standard mydriatic drugs, and potential prolapse of the iris toward the phacoemulsification incisions. The patient’s ophthalmologist should be prepared for possible modifications to their surgical technique, such as the utilization of iris hooks, iris dilator rings, or viscoelastic substances.
  • There does not appear to be a benefit of stopping alpha adrenergic antagonist therapy prior to cataract surgery.
  • Priapism
  • Rarely (probably less than 1 in 50,000), alfuzosin, like other alpha adrenergic antagonists, has been associated with priapism (persistent painful penile erection unrelated to sexual activity). Because this condition can lead to permanent impotence if not properly treated, patients should be advised about the seriousness of the condition.
  • Coronary Insufficiency
  • If symptoms of angina pectoris should appear or worsen, alfuzosin hydrochloride should be discontinued.
  • Patients with Congenital or Acquired QT Prolongation
  • Use with caution in patients with acquired or congenital QT prolongation or who are taking medications that prolong the QT interval.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

  • Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
  • The incidence of adverse reactions has been ascertained from 3 placebo-controlled clinical trials involving 1,608 men where daily doses of 10 and 15 mg alfuzosin were evaluated. In these 3 trials, 473 men received alfuzosin hydrochloride 10 mg extended-release tablets. In these trials, 4% of patients taking alfuzosin hydrochloride 10 mg extended-release tablets withdrew from the trial due to adverse reactions, compared with 3% in the placebo group.
  • Table 1 summarizes adverse reactions that occurred in ≥2% of patients receiving alfuzosin hydrochloride, and at a higher incidence than that of the placebo group. In general, the adverse reactions seen in long-term use were similar in type and frequency to the events described below for the 3-month trials.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The following adverse reactions, reported by between 1% and 2% of patients receiving alfuzosin hydrochloride and occurring more frequently than with placebo, are listed alphabetically by body system and by decreasing frequency within body system:
Body as a whole

Pain

Gastrointestinal system

Abdominal pain, dyspepsia, constipation, nausea

Reproductive system

Impotence

Respiratory system

Bronchitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis

  • Signs and Symptoms of Orthostasis in Clinical Trials: The adverse reactions related to orthostasis that occurred in the double-blind phase 3 trials with alfuzosin 10 mg are summarized in Table 2. Approximately 20% to 30% of patients in these trials were taking antihypertensive medication.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • Testing for blood pressure changes or orthostatic hypotension was conducted in three controlled studies. Decreased systolic blood pressure (≤90 mm Hg, with a decrease ≥20 mm Hg from baseline) was observed in none of the 674 placebo patients and 1 (0.2%) of the 469 alfuzosin hydrochloride patients. Decreased diastolic blood pressure (≤50 mm Hg, with a decrease ≥15 mm Hg from baseline) was observed in 3 (0.4%) of the placebo patients and in 4 (0.9%) of the alfuzosin hydrochloride patients. A positive orthostatic test (decrease in systolic blood pressure of ≥20 mm Hg upon standing from the supine position) was seen in 52 (7.7%) of placebo patients and in 31 (6.6%) of the alfuzosin hydrochloride patients.

Postmarketing Experience

  • The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of alfuzosin hydrochloride. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
General disorders

Edema

Cardiac disorders

Tachycardia, chest pain, angina pectoris in patients with pre-existing coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation

Gastrointestinal disorders

Diarrhea

Hepatobiliary disorders

Hepatocellular and cholestatic liver injury (including cases with jaundice leading to drug discontinuation)

Respiratory system disorders

Rhinitis

Reproductive system disorders

Priapism

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Rash, pruritis, urticaria, angioedema

Vascular disorders

Flushing

Blood and lymphatic system disorders

Thrombocytopenia

  • During cataract surgery, a variant of small pupil syndrome known as Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome (IFIS) has been reported in some patients on or previously treated with alpha adrenergic antagonists.

Drug Interactions

  • CYP3A4 inhibitors
  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride is contraindicated for use with potent CYP3A4 inhibitors such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, or ritonavir, since alfuzosin blood levels are increased.
  • Alpha adrenergic antagonists
  • The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between alfuzosin hydrochloride and other alpha adrenergic antagonists have not been determined. However, interactions may be expected, and alfuzosin hydrochloride should not be used in combination with other alpha adrenergic antagonists.
  • Antihypertensive Medication and Nitrates
  • PDE5 Inhibitors
  • Caution is advised when alpha adrenergic antagonists, including alfuzosin hydrochloride, are coadministered with PDE5 inhibitors. Alpha adrenergic antagonists and PDE5 inhibitors are both vasodilators that can lower blood pressure.
  • Concomitant use of these two drug classes can potentially cause symptomatic hypotension.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA):

  • Pregnancy Category B
  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride is not indicated for use in women, and there are no studies of alfuzosin in pregnant women.
  • Alfuzosin was not teratogenic, embryotoxic or fetotoxic in rats at plasma exposure levels (based on AUC of unbound drug) up to 1200 times (maternal oral dose of 250 mg/kg/day) the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of 10 mg. In rabbits administered up to 3 times the MRHD (based on body surface area) (maternal oral dose of 100 mg/kg/day) no embryofetal toxicity or teratogenicity was observed. Gestation was slightly prolonged in rats at exposure levels (based on AUC of unbound drug) approximately 12 times (greater than 5 mg/kg/day oral maternal dose) the MRHD, but difficulties with parturition were not observed.


Pregnancy Category (AUS):

  • Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) Pregnancy Category

There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of Alfuzosin in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Alfuzosin during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Alfuzosin with respect to nursing mothers.

Pediatric Use

  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride extended release tablets are not indicated for use in the pediatric population. Additional information regarding a clinical study in which efficacy was not demonstrated in pediatric patients ages 2 to 16 years is approved for Sanofi-Aventis U.S. LLC’s alfuzosin hydrochloride extended-release tablets. However, due to Sanofi-Aventis U.S. LLC’s marketing exclusivity rights, this drug is not labeled with that pediatric information.

Geriatic Use

  • Of the total number of subjects in clinical studies of alfuzosin hydrochloride, 48% were 65 years of age and over, whereas 11% were 75 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Alfuzosin with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Alfuzosin with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

  • Systemic exposure was increased by approximately 50% in pharmacokinetic studies of patients with mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment. In phase 3 studies, the safety profile of patients with mild (n=172) or moderate (n=56) renal impairment was similar to the patients with normal renal function in those studies. Safety data are available in only a limited number of patients (n=6) with creatinine clearance below 30 mL/min; therefore, caution should be exercised when alfuzosin hydrochloride is administered in patients with severe renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

  • The pharmacokinetics of alfuzosin hydrochloride have not been studied in patients with mild hepatic impairment. Alfuzosin hydrochloride is contraindicated for use in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Alfuzosin in women of reproductive potentials and males.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Alfuzosin in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

  • Oral

Monitoring

There is limited information regarding Monitoring of Alfuzosin in the drug label.

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding IV Compatibility of Alfuzosin in the drug label.

Overdosage

Acute Overdose

  • Should overdose of alfuzosin hydrochloride lead to hypotension, support of the cardiovascular system is of first importance. Restoration of blood pressure and normalization of heart rate may be accomplished by keeping the patient in the supine position. If this measure is inadequate, then the administration of intravenous fluids should be considered. If necessary, vasopressors should then be used, and the renal function should be monitored and supported as needed. Alfuzosin is 82% to 90% protein bound; therefore, dialysis may not be of benefit.

Chronic Overdose

There is limited information regarding Chronic Overdose of Alfuzosin in the drug label.

Pharmacology

Alfuzosin00.png
Alfuzosin000.png
Alfuzosin
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[3-[(4-amino-6,7-dimethoxy-quinazolin-2-yl)- methyl-amino]propyl] tetrahydrofuran- 2-carboxamide
Identifiers
CAS number 81403-80-7
ATC code G04CA01
PubChem 2092
DrugBank DB00346
Chemical data
Formula C19H27N5O4 
Mol. mass 389.449 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 49%
Protein binding 82%-90%
Metabolism Hepatic (CYP3A4-mediated)
Half life 10 hours
Excretion Fecal (69%) and renal (24%)
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

B2(AU) B(US)

Legal status

POM(UK) -only(US)

Routes Oral

Mechanism of Action

  • Alfuzosin is a selective antagonist of post-synaptic alpha1-adrenoreceptors, which are located in the prostate, bladder base, bladder neck, prostatic capsule, and prostatic urethra.

Structure

  • Each alfuzosin hydrochloride extended-release tablet contains 10 mg alfuzosin hydrochloride as the active ingredient. Alfuzosin hydrochloride is a white to off-white crystalline powder that melts at approximately 240°C. It is freely soluble in water, sparingly soluble in alcohol, and practically insoluble in dichloromethane. Alfuzosin hydrochloride, USP is (R,S)-N-[3-[(4-amino-6,7-dimethoxy-2-quinazolinyl) methylamino] propyl] tetrahydro-2-furancarboxamide hydrochloride. The empirical formula of alfuzosin hydrochloride is C19H27N5O4•HCl. The molecular weight of alfuzosin hydrochloride is 425.9.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The tablet also contains the following inactive ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose (NF), guar gum (NF), hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (USP), colloidal silicon dioxide (NF) and magnesium stearate (NF).

Pharmacodynamics

  • Alfuzosin exhibits selectivity for alpha adrenergic receptors in the lower urinary tract. Blockade of these adrenoreceptors can cause smooth muscle in the bladder neck and prostate to relax, resulting in an improvement in urine flow and a reduction in symptoms of BPH.
  • Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • The effect of 10 mg and 40 mg alfuzosin on QT interval was evaluated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo and active-controlled (moxifloxacin 400 mg), 4-way crossover single dose study in 45 healthy white male subjects aged 19 to 45 years. The QT interval was measured at the time of peak alfuzosin plasma concentrations. The 40 mg dose of alfuzosin was chosen because this dose achieves higher blood levels than those achieved with the co-administration of alfuzosin hydrochloride and ketoconazole 400 mg. Table 3 summarizes the effect on uncorrected QT and mean corrected QT interval (QTc) with different methods of correction (Fridericia, population specific and subject-specific correction methods) at the time of peak alfuzosin plasma concentrations. No single one of these correction methodologies is known to be more valid. The mean change of heart rate associated with a 10 mg dose of alfuzosin in this study was 5.2 beats/minute and 5.8 beats/minute with 40 mg alfuzosin. The change in heart rate with moxifloxacin was 2.8 beats/minute.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The QT effect appeared greater for 40 mg compared to 10 mg alfuzosin. The effect of the highest alfuzosin dose (four times the therapeutic dose) studied did not appear as large as that of the active control moxifloxacin at its therapeutic dose. This study, however, was not designed to make direct statistical comparisons between the drugs or the dose levels. There has been no signal of Torsade de Pointes in the extensive post-marketing experience with alfuzosin outside the United States.
  • A separate post-marketing QT study evaluated the effect of the co-administration of 10 mg alfuzosin with a drug of similar QT effect size. In this study, the mean placebo-subtracted QTcF increase of alfuzosin 10 mg alone was 1.9 msec (upperbound 95% Cl, 5.5 msec). The concomitant administration of the two drugs showed an increased QT effect when compared with either drug alone. This QTcF increase [5.9 msec (UB 95% Cl, 9.4 msec)] was not more than additive. Although this study was not designed to make direct statistical comparisons between drugs, the QT increase with both drugs given together appeared to be lower than the QTcF increase seen with the positive control moxifloxacin 400 mg [10.2 msec (UB 95% Cl, 13.8 msec)]. The clinical impact of these QTc changes is unknown.

Pharmacokinetics

  • The pharmacokinetics of alfuzosin hydrochloride have been evaluated in adult healthy male volunteers after single and/or multiple administration with daily doses ranging from 7.5 mg to 30 mg, and in patients with BPH at doses from 7.5 mg to 15 mg.
  • Absorption
  • The absolute bioavailability of alfuzosin hydrochloride 10 mg tablets under fed conditions is 49%. Following multiple dosing of 10 mg alfuzosin hydrochloride under fed conditions, the time to maximum concentration is 8 hours. Cmax and AUC0-24 are 13.6 (SD = 5.6) ng/mL and 194 (SD = 75) ng•h/mL, respectively. Alfuzosin hydrochloride exhibits linear kinetics following single and multiple dosing up to 30 mg. Steady-state plasma levels are reached with the second dose of alfuzosin hydrochloride administration. Steady-state alfuzosin plasma concentrations are 1.2- to 1.6-fold higher than those observed after a single administration.
  • Effect of Food
  • As illustrated in Figure 1, the extent of absorption is 50% lower under fasting conditions. Therefore, alfuzosin hydrochloride should be taken with food and with the same meal each day.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The volume of distribution following intravenous administration in healthy male middle-aged volunteers was 3.2 L/kg. Results of in vitro studies indicate that alfuzosin is moderately bound to human plasma proteins (82% to 90%), with linear binding over a wide concentration range (5 to 5,000 ng/mL).
  • Metabolism
  • Alfuzosin undergoes extensive metabolism by the liver, with only 11% of the administered dose excreted unchanged in the urine. Alfuzosin is metabolized by three metabolic pathways: oxidation, O-demethylation, and N-dealkylation. The metabolites are not pharmacologically active. CYP3A4 is the principal hepatic enzyme isoform involved in its metabolism.
  • Excretion
  • Following oral administration of 14C-labeled alfuzosin solution, the recovery of radioactivity after 7 days (expressed as a percentage of the administered dose) was 69% in feces and 24% in urine. Following oral administration of alfuzosin hydrochloride 10 mg tablets, the apparent elimination half-life is 10 hours.
  • Specific Populations
  • Geriatric Use
  • In a pharmacokinetic assessment during phase 3 clinical studies in patients with BPH, there was no relationship between peak plasma concentrations of alfuzosin and age.
  • However, trough levels were positively correlated with age. The concentrations in subjects ≥75 years of age were approximately 35% greater than in those below 65 years of age.
  • Renal Impairment
  • The Pharmacokinetic profiles of alfuzosin hydrochloride 10 mg tablets in subjects with normal renal function (CLCR>80 mL/min), mild impairment (CLCR 60 to 80 mL/min), moderate impairment (CLCR 30 to 59 mL/min), and severe impairment (CLCR <30 mL/min) were compared. These clearances were calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula. Relative to subjects with normal renal function, the mean Cmax and AUC values were increased by approximately 50% in patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment.
  • Hepatic Impairment
  • The pharmacokinetics of alfuzosin hydrochloride have not been studied in patients with mild hepatic impairment. In patients with moderate or severe hepatic insufficiency (Child-Pugh categories B and C), the plasma apparent clearance (CL/F) was reduced to approximately one-third to one-fourth that observed in healthy subjects. This reduction in clearance results in three to four-fold higher plasma concentrations of alfuzosin in these patients compared to healthy subjects. Therefore, alfuzosin hydrochloride is contraindicated in patients with moderate to severe hepatic impairment.
  • Pediatric Use
  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride tablets are not indicated for use in the pediatric population.
  • Drug-Drug Interactions
  • Metabolic Interactions
  • CYP3A4 is the principal hepatic enzyme isoform involved in the metabolism of alfuzosin.
  • Potent CYP3A4 Inhibitors
  • Repeated oral administration of 400 mg/day of ketoconazole, a potent inhibitor of CYP3A4, increased alfuzosin Cmax by 2.3-fold and AUClast by 3.2-fold, following a single 10 mg dose of alfuzosin.
  • In another study, repeated oral administration of a lower (200 mg/day) dose of ketoconazole increased alfuzosin Cmax by 2.1 -fold and AUClast by 2.5-fold, following a single 10 mg dose of alfuzosin. Therefore, alfuzosin hydrochloride is contraindicated for co-administration with potent inhibitors of CYP3A4 (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, or ritonavir) because of increased alfuzosin exposure.
  • Moderate CYP3A4 Inhibitors
  • Diltiazem: Repeated co-administration of 240 mg/day of diltiazem, a moderately-potent inhibitor of CYP3A4, with 7.5 mg/day (2.5 mg three times daily) alfuzosin (equivalent to the exposure with alfuzosin hydrochloride) increased the Cmax and AUC0-24 of alfuzosin 1.5- and 1.3-fold, respectively. Alfuzosin increased the Cmax and AUC0-12 of diltiazem 1.4-fold. Although no changes in blood pressure were observed in this study, diltiazem is an antihypertensive medication and the combination of alfuzosin hydrochloride and antihypertensive medications has the potential to cause hypotension in some patients.
  • In human liver microsomes, at concentrations that are achieved at the therapeutic dose, alfuzosin did not inhibit CYP1A2, 2A6, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 or 3A4 isoenzymes. In primary culture of human hepatocytes, alfuzosin did not induce CYP1A, 2A6 or 3A4 isoenzymes.
  • Other Interactions
  • Warfarin: Multiple dose administration of an immediate release tablet formulation of alfuzosin 5 mg twice daily for six days to six healthy male volunteers did not affect the pharmacological response to a single 25 mg oral dose of warfarin.
  • Digoxin: Repeated co-administration of alfuzosin hydrochloride 10 mg tablets and digoxin 0.25 mg/day for 7 days did not influence the steady-state pharmacokinetics of either drug.
  • Cimetidine: Repeated administration of 1 g/day cimetidine increased both alfuzosin Cmax and AUC values by 20%.
  • Atenolol: Single administration of 100 mg atenolol with a single dose of 2.5 mg of an immediate release alfuzosin tablet in eight healthy young male volunteers increased alfuzosin Cmax and AUC values by 28% and 21%, respectively. Alfuzosin increased atenolol Cmax and AUC values by 26% and 14%, respectively. In this study, the combination of alfuzosin with atenolol caused significant reductions in mean blood pressure and in mean heart rate.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide: Single administration of 25 mg hydrochlorothiazide did not modify the pharmacokinetic parameters of alfuzosin. There was no evidence of pharmacodynamic interaction between alfuzosin and hydrochlorothiazide in the 8 patients in this study.

Nonclinical Toxicology

  • There was no evidence of a drug-related increase in the incidence of tumors in mice following dietary administration of 100 mg/kg/day alfuzosin for 98 weeks (13 and 15 times the maximum recommended human dose [MRHD] of 10 mg based on AUC of unbound drug), in females and males, respectively. The highest dose tested in female mice may not have constituted a maximally tolerated dose. Likewise, there was no evidence of a drug-related increase in the incidence of tumors in rats following dietary administration of 100 mg/kg/day alfuzosin for 104 weeks (53 and 37 times the MRHD in females and males, respectively).
  • Alfuzosin showed no evidence of mutagenic effect in the Ames and mouse lymphoma assays, and was free of any clastogenic effects in the Chinese hamster ovary cell and in vivo mouse micronucleus assays. Alfuzosin treatment did not induce DNA repair in a human cell line.
  • There was no evidence of reproductive organ toxicity when male rats were administered oral doses of several hundred times (250 mg/kg/day for 26 weeks) the MRHD of alfuzosin. No impairment of fertility was observed following oral (gavage) administration to male rats at doses of up to 125 mg/kg/day for 70 days. Estrous cycling was inhibited in rats and dogs at approximately 12 and 18 times the MRHD respectively (doses of 25 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg, respectively), but did not result in impaired fertility in female rats.

Clinical Studies

  • Three randomized placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-arm, 12-week trials were conducted with the 10 mg daily dose of alfuzosin. In these three trials, 1,608 patients [mean age 64.2 years, range 49-92 years; Caucasian (96.1%), Black (1.6%), Asian (1.1%), other (1.2%)] were randomized and 473 patients received alfuzosin hydrochloride 10 mg daily. Table 4 provides the results of the three trials that evaluated the 10 mg dose.
  • There were two primary efficacy variables in these three studies. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS, or AUA Symptom Score) consists of seven questions that assess the severity of both irritative (frequency, urgency, nocturia) and obstructive (incomplete emptying, stopping and starting, weak stream, and pushing or straining) symptoms, with possible scores ranging from 0 to 35 with higher numerical scores on the IPSS total symptom score representing greater severity of symptoms. The second efficacy variable was peak urinary flow rate. The peak flow rate was measured just prior to the next dose in study 2 and on average at 16 hours post dosing in trials 1 and 3.
  • There was a statistically significant reduction from baseline to last assessment (Week 12) in the IPSS total symptom score versus placebo in all three studies, indicating a reduction in symptom severity (Table 5 and Figures 2, 3, and 4).
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

How Supplied

  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride Extended-Release tablets are supplied as follows:
  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride extended-release tablets 10 mg are available as off white, round, biconvex tablets debossed with ‘IG’ on one side and “302” on other. Alfuzosin hydrochloride is supplied as follows:
  • Package NDC Number
  • Bottles of 100 76282-302-01
  • Bottles of 500 76282-302-05
  • Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).
  • Protect from light and moisture.
  • Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.
  • Keep alfuzosin hydrochloride out of reach of children.

Storage

There is limited information regarding Alfuzosin Storage in the drug label.

Images

Drug Images

Alfuzosin Hydrochloride NDC 03785005.jpg

Drug Name: Alfuzosin Hydrochloride
Ingredient(s): ALFUZOSIN HYDROCHLORIDE[ALFUZOSIN]
Imprint: M;Z5
Dosage: 10 mg
Color(s): White
Shape: Round
Size (mm): 9
Score: 1
NDC:03785005

Drug Label Author: Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.
Alfuzosin Hydrochloride NDC 473350956.jpg

Drug Name: Alfuzosin Hydrochloride
Ingredient(s): ALFUZOSIN HYDROCHLORIDE[ALFUZOSIN]
Imprint: 956
Dosage: 10 mg
Color(s): White
Shape: Round
Size (mm): 10
Score: 1
NDC:473350956

Drug Label Author: Sun Pharma Global FZE

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.
Alfuzosin Hydrochloride NDC 604290347.jpg

Drug Name: Alfuzosin Hydrochloride
Ingredient(s): ALFUZOSIN HYDROCHLORIDE[ALFUZOSIN]
Imprint: APO;ALF;10
Dosage: 10 mg
Color(s): Yellow
Shape: Round
Size (mm): 7
Score: 1
NDC:604290347

Drug Label Author: Golden State Medical Supply, Inc.

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.
Alfuzosin Hydrochloride NDC 605052850.jpg

Drug Name: Alfuzosin Hydrochloride
Ingredient(s): ALFUZOSIN HYDROCHLORIDE[ALFUZOSIN]
Imprint: APO;ALF;10
Dosage: 10 mg
Color(s): Yellow
Shape: Round
Size (mm): 7
Score: 1
NDC:605052850

Drug Label Author: Apotex Corp.

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.
Alfuzosin hydrochloride NDC 762820302.jpg

Drug Name: Alfuzosin
Ingredient(s): ALFUZOSIN HYDROCHLORIDE[ALFUZOSIN]
Imprint: IG;302
Dosage: 10 mg
Color(s): White
Shape: Round
Size (mm): 10
Score: 1
NDC:762820302

Drug Label Author: Exelan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

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Drug Name: Alfuzosin
Ingredient(s): alfuzosin hydrochloride[alfuzosin]
Imprint: X10
Dosage: 10 mg
Color(s): White
Shape: Round
Size (mm): 8
Score: 1
NDC:00244200

Drug Label Author: sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.

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Patient Counseling Information

  • Hypotension/Syncope:
  • Patients should be told about the possible occurrence of symptoms related to postural hypotension, such as dizziness, when beginning alfuzosin hydrochloride, and they should be cautioned about driving, operating machinery, or performing hazardous tasks during this period. This is important for those with low blood pressure or who are taking antihypertensive medications or nitrates.
  • Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome:
  • Patients should be instructed to tell their ophthalmologist about their use of alfuzosin hydrochloride before cataract surgery or other procedures involving the eyes, even if the patient is no longer taking alfuzosin hydrochloride.
  • Priapism
  • Patients should be advised about the possibility of priapism resulting from treatment with alfuzosin hydrochloride and medications in the same class. Although this reaction is extremely rare, but if not brought to immediate medical attention, can lead to permanent erectile dysfunction (impotence).
  • Instructions of use
  • Alfuzosin hydrochloride should be taken with food and with the same meal each day. Patients should be advised not to crush or chew alfuzosin hydrochloride tablets.
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Precautions with Alcohol

  • Alcohol-Alfuzosin interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

  • ALFUZOSIN HYDROCHLORIDE®[5]

Look-Alike Drug Names

Drug Shortage Status

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.

  1. S. A. McNeill, T. B. Hargreave & Claus G. Roehrborn (2005). "Alfuzosin 10 mg once daily in the management of acute urinary retention: results of a double-blind placebo-controlled study". Urology. 65 (1): 83–89. doi:10.1016/j.urology.2004.07.042. PMID 15667868. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. R. Rosen, A. Seftel & C. G. Roehrborn (2007). "Effects of alfuzosin 10 mg once daily on sexual function in men treated for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia". International journal of impotence research. 19 (5): 480–485. doi:10.1038/sj.ijir.3901554. PMID 17717526. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. S. Leto di Priolo, P. Priore, G. Cocco, C. Sfrisi & J. L. Cazor (1988). "Dose-titration study of alfuzosin, a new alpha 1-adrenoceptor blocker, in essential hypertension". European journal of clinical pharmacology. 35 (1): 25–30. PMID 2905990.
  4. Madhusudan Agrawal, Manoj Gupta, Apurva Gupta, Akash Agrawal, Avijit Sarkari & Prashant Lavania (2009). "Prospective randomized trial comparing efficacy of alfuzosin and tamsulosin in management of lower ureteral stones". Urology. 73 (4): 706–709. doi:10.1016/j.urology.2008.11.013. PMID 19193417. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. "ALFUZOSIN HYDROCHLORIDE alfuzosin hydrochloride tablet, extended release".
  6. "http://www.ismp.org". External link in |title= (help)

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