Air embolism causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Air embolism is a rare condition, that can be caused by, invasive procedures, deep sea diving, and blunt chest trauma.


  • Deep sea diving (Decompression Sickness/ Caisson's Disease/ "the bends")[12]
  • Blunt chest trauma [13]


  1. Nicholas J. Parkinson, Harold C. McKenzie, Michelle H. Barton, Jennifer L. Davis, Bettina Dunkel, Amy L. Johnson & Elizabeth S. MacDonald (2018). "Catheter-associated venous air embolism in hospitalized horses: 32 cases". Journal of veterinary internal medicine. 32 (2): 805–814. doi:10.1111/jvim.15057. PMID 29460300. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. T. M. Vesely (2001). "Air embolism during insertion of central venous catheters". Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR. 12 (11): 1291–1295. PMID 11698628. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. Lawrence Lau & Kory London (2018). "Cortical Blindness and Altered Mental Status following Routine Hemodialysis, a Case of Iatrogenic Cerebral Air Embolism". Case reports in emergency medicine. 2018: 9496818. doi:10.1155/2018/9496818. PMID 29732225.
  4. J. M. Bao, J. P. Lin, X. Yu & H. Yu (2018). "[Effects of pneumoperitoneal pressure on air embolism duringlaparoscopic hepatectomy and degree of postoperative inflammation]". Zhonghua yi xue za zhi. 98 (26): 2088–2091. PMID 30032506. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. Kalpana Yeddula, Iftikhar Ahmad, Shafaath Husain Syed Mohammed, Sandeep Hedgire, Vikram Venkatesh, Suhny Abbara & Sanjeeva P. Kalva (2012). "Paradoxical air embolism following contrast material injection through power injectors in patients with a patent foramen ovale". The international journal of cardiovascular imaging. 28 (8): 2085–2090. doi:10.1007/s10554-012-0017-5. PMID 22302647. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. Jonathan P. Wanderer & Naveen Nathan (2018). "Bubble Trouble: Venous Air Embolism in Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography". Anesthesia and analgesia. 127 (2): 324. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000003599. PMID 30028380. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  7. Rika Yoshida, Takeshi Yoshizako, Megumi Nakamura, Shinji Ando, Mitsunari Maruyama, Minako Maruyama, Yoshikazu Takinami, Yukihisa Tamaki, Tomonori Nakamura & Hajime Kitagaki (2018). "Nonfatal air embolism complicating percutaneous CT-guided lung biopsy and VATS marking: Four cases from a single institution". Clinical imaging. 48: 127–130. doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2017.10.010. PMID 29100079. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  8. Se-Min Ryu & Sung-Min Park (2018). "Unexpected complication during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support: Ventilator associated systemic air embolism". World journal of clinical cases. 6 (9): 274–278. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v6.i9.274. PMID 30211207. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  9. Richard C. Prielipp & Sorin J. Brull (2018). "Vascular Air Embolism and Endoscopy: Every Bubble Matters". Anesthesia and analgesia. 127 (2): 333–335. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000003329. PMID 30028384. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  10. Arnoley S. Abcejo, Jeffrey J. Pasternak & William J. Perkins (2018). "Urgent Repositioning After Venous Air Embolism During Intracranial Surgery in the Seated Position: A Case Series". Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology. doi:10.1097/ANA.0000000000000534. PMID 30148744. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  11. John K. Chan, Austin B. Gardner, Amandeep K. Mann & Daniel S. Kapp (2018). "Hospital-acquired conditions after surgery for gynecologic cancer - An analysis of 82,304 patients". Gynecologic oncology. 150 (3): 515–520. doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.07.009. PMID 30037490. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  12. Josep M. Casadesus, Fernando Aguirre, Ana Carrera, Pere Boadas-Vaello, Maria T. Serrando & Francisco Reina (2018). "Diagnosis of arterial gas embolism in SCUBA diving: modification suggestion of autopsy techniques and experience in eight cases". Forensic science, medicine, and pathology. 14 (1): 18–25. doi:10.1007/s12024-018-9951-4. PMID 29460254. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  13. Isabella Mercurio, Daniele Capano, Riccardo Torre, Aldo Taddei, Gianmarco Troiano, Michele Scialpi & Mario Gabbrielli (2018). "A Case of Fatal Cerebral Air Embolism After Blunt Lung Trauma: Postmortem Computed Tomography and Autopsy Findings". The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology. 39 (1): 61–68. doi:10.1097/PAF.0000000000000375. PMID 29278540. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

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