Adenoiditis historical perspective

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Adenoiditis Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Adenoiditis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

X Ray



Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1];Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Mahshid Mir, M.D. [2]


Adenoiditis was first discovered by Willhelm Meyer in 1800. Adenoids were thought to be a part of tonsills and adenotonsillectomy has been performed for at least 2000 years.

Historical Perspective

  • Cornelius Caesus in A.D 30. explained that tonsils are covered by a membrane and require to be separated and extracted by a process called tonsillectomy. This encyclopedia was recovered in 1478 in Papal library, after being lost for 1400 years.[1]
  • Adenoids were thought to be a part of tonsills and responsible for the symptoms of nasal congestion and obstruction. As a result adenotonsillectomy has been performed for at least 2000 years.[1]
  • In the sixth and seventh centuries Aetius and Paul described surgical treatment of adenotonsillitis, as one of the most ancient surgical procedures.
  • In the early beginning of 19th century, adenoid and tonsill tissue were known as remnants of an unknown infectious disease, and so they were removed with adenotonsillectomy.[1]
  • Willhelm Meyer of Copenhagen, Denmark in 1800 first described adenoiditis due to adenoid vegetations responsible for nasal symptoms and impaired hearing. It is believed that Meyer was the first one who performed an adenoidectomy separately.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Kamel RH, Ishak EA (1990). "Enlarged adenoid and adenoidectomy in adults: endoscopic approach and histopathological study". J Laryngol Otol. 104 (12): 965–7. PMID 2280151.
  2. Semon F (1997). "Speech made at the unveiling of the Wilhelm Meyer monument, at Copenhagen". Laryngoscope. 107 (3): 307–9. PMID 9121303.