3,4-Diaminopyridine

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3,4-Diaminopyridine
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Clinical data
Routes of
administration
Oral
Legal status
Legal status
  • Phase III
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability30% [1],[2]
Identifiers
CAS Number
E number{{#property:P628}}
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Chemical and physical data
FormulaC5H7N3
Molar mass109.13

3,4-Diaminopyridine is an experimental drug used in the treatment of Lambert-Eaton Syndrome. In Lambert-Eaton Syndrome, acetylcholine release is inhibited as antibodies meant to target characteristic cancers target Ca2+ channels on the prejunctional membrane instead. 3,4-Diaminopyridine works by blocking potassium channel efflux in nerve terminals so that action potential duration is increased. Ca2+ channels can then be open for longer time and allow greater acetylcholine release to stimulate muscle at end plate.

It has also been proposed for use in multiple sclerosis.[3]

See also

References

  1. AAEM Quality Assurance Committee. American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine. (2001). "Practice parameter for repetitive nerve stimulation and single fiber EMG evaluation of adults with suspected myasthena gravis or Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: summary statement". Muscle Nerve. 24: 1236–1238.
  2. Lundh H, Nilsson O, Rosen I, Johansson S. (1993). "Practical aspects of 3,4-diaminopyridine treatment of the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome". Acta Neurol Scand. 88: 136–140.
  3. Judge S, Bever C (2006). "Potassium channel blockers in multiple sclerosis: neuronal Kv channels and effects of symptomatic treatment". Pharmacol. Ther. 111 (1): 224–59. PMID 16472864.



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