2-Aminoisobutyric acid

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2-Aminoisobutyric acid
File:2-Aminoisobutyric acid.svg
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
DrugBank
E number{{#property:P628}}
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Chemical and physical data
FormulaC4H9NO2
Molar mass103.121 g/mol

2-Aminoisobutyric acid, or α-aminoisobutyric acid (AIB) or α-methylalanine or 2-methylalanine, is an amino acid with the structural formula is H2N-C(CH3)2-COOH.

It is contained in some antibiotics of fungal origin, eg. alamethicin and some lantibiotics. It is not one of the proteinogenic amino acids and rather rare in nature.

α-Aminoisobutyric acid is a strong helix inducer in peptides. Its oligomers form 3-10 helices.


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