1-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase

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In enzymology, a 1-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase (EC 2.7.1.68) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate, whereas its two products are ADP and 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically those transferring phosphorus-containing groups (phosphotransferases) with an alcohol group as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-4-phosphate 5-phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include diphosphoinositide kinase, PIP kinase, phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate kinase, phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, and type I PIP kinase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: inositol phosphate metabolism, phosphatidylinositol signaling system, and regulation of actin cytoskeleton.

Structural studies

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1BO1 and 2GK9.

References

  • IUBMB entry for 2.7.1.68
  • BRENDA references for 2.7.1.68 (Recommended.)
  • PubMed references for 2.7.1.68
  • PubMed Central references for 2.7.1.68
  • Google Scholar references for 2.7.1.68
  • Kai M, Salway JG, Hawthorne JN (1968). "The diphosphoinositide kinase of rat brain". Biochem. J. 106: 791&ndash, 801. PMID 4295336.
  • Kai M, Salway JG, Michell RH and Hawthorne JN (1966). "The biosynthesis of triphosphoinositide by rat brain in vitro". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 22: 370&ndash, 375.
  • Rameh LE, Tolias KF, Duckworth BC, Cantley LC (1997). "A new pathway for synthesis of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate". Nature. 390: 192&ndash, 6. PMID 9367159.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is 104645-76-3.

Gene Ontology (GO) codes


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