| Veratrum album|
Veratrum album, commonly known as the False Helleborine (but also known as White Hellebore, European White Hellebore, White Veratrum; syn. Veratrum lobelianum Bernh.) is a medicinal plant of the Liliaceae (lily family) which is native to Europe.
The plant is a perennial herb, with a stout vertical rhizome covered with remnants of old leaf sheaths. The stems are stout, simple, 50-175cm tall. They have been mistaken for yellow gentian, Gentiana lutea, which is used in beverages, resulting in poisoning.
It is also used as a homeopathic remedy. The root however is very poisonous, with a paralyzing effect on the nervous system. In two cases of fatal poisoning from eating the seeds, the toxins veratridine and cevadine were present in the blood at 0.17-0.40 nanograms/milliliter and 0.32-0.48 nanograms/milliliter, respectively. In 1983 sneezing powders produced from the herb in West Germany were reported to have caused severe intoxications in Scandinavia.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Veratrum album at Plants For A Future
- ↑ Felter, Harvey Wickes. (1922) The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
- ↑ Felter, Harvey Wickes; Lloyd, John Uri. (1898) King's American Dispensatory.
- ↑ PMID 15773425
- ↑ PMID 6887310
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