|Early season Thai basil|
|O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora|
Thai basil is a cultivar group of basil. It has a more assertive taste than many other sweet basils. The herb has small leaves, purple stems and a subtle licorice or mint flavor. One cultivar used in the United States is 'Queen of Siam'. It is often confused with Holy basil which has a smaller, slightly hairy leaves and an aroma akin to that of cloves.
There are three types of basil commonly used in Thai cooking, however this page refers to the most common one, which is known as horapa (Thai: โหระพา) in Thai.
Thai basil is used as a condiment in Thai and Vietnamese dishes, phở.
- Thai basil flower.jpg
Late summer Thai basil flowers
- Thai basil with flowers.jpg
Midsummer Thai basil with flowers