Sphincter ani externus muscle
|Sphincter ani externus muscle|
|Coronal section through the anal canal. B. Cavity of urinary bladder V.D. Ductus deferens. S.V. Seminal vesicle. R. Second part of rectum. A.C. Anal canal. L.A. Levator ani. I.S. Sphincter ani internus. E.S. Sphinear ani externus.|
|Latin||musculus sphincter ani externus|
|Gray's||subject #120 425|
|Nerve:||branch from the fourth sacral and twigs from the inferior hemorrhoidal branch of the pudendal nerve|
|Action:||keep the anal canal and orifice closed|
The Sphincter ani externus (external anal sphincter) is a flat plane of muscular fibers, elliptical in shape and intimately adherent to the integument surrounding the margin of the anus.
It measures about 8 to 10 cm in length, from its anterior to its posterior extremity, and is about 2.5 cm broad opposite the anus.
It consists of two strata, superficial and deep.
- The superficial, constituting the main portion of the muscle, arises from a narrow tendinous band, the anococcygeal raphé, which stretches from the tip of the coccyx to the posterior margin of the anus; it forms two flattened planes of muscular tissue, which encircle the anus and meet in front to be inserted into the central tendinous point of the perineum, joining with the Transversus perinæi superficialis, the Levator ani, and the Bulbocavernosus.
- The deeper portion forms a complete sphincter to the anal canal. Its fibers surround the canal, closely applied to the Sphincter ani internus, and in front blend with the other muscles at the central point of the perineum.
Posteriorly, they are not attached to the coccyx, but are continuous with those of the opposite side behind the anal canal.
The upper edge of the muscle is ill-defined, since fibers are given off from it to join the Levator ani.
The action of this muscle is peculiar.
(2) It can be put into a condition of greater contraction under the influence of the will, so as more firmly to occlude the anal aperture, in expiratory efforts unconnected with defecation.
- LUC spha
- SUNY Labs 42:13-0100 - "The Male Perineum and the Penis: The External Anal Sphincter"
- Norman/Georgetown perineum (analtriangle3)
- Norman/Georgetown pelvis (rectum)
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.
List of muscles of torso
|BACK||splenius (capitis, cervicis) - erector spinae (iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis) - latissimus dorsi|
transversospinales: (semispinalis dorsi, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, multifidus, rotatores) - interspinales - intertransversarii
|SUBOCCIPITAL||rectus capitis posterior (major, minor) - obliquus capitis (inferior, superior)|
|CHEST||intercostales (external, internal, innermost) - subcostales - transversus thoracis - levatores costarum - serratus posterior (inferior, superior) - diaphragm|
|ABDOMEN||anterior/lateral wall: obliques (external, internal) - transversus abdominis - rectus abdominis - pyramidalis cremaster|
|PELVIS/FLOOR||levator ani (iliococcygeus, pubococcygeus, puborectalis) - coccygeus|
|PERINEUM||anal triangle: sphincter ani (externus, internus) deep perineal pouch (deep transverse perineal, sphincter urethrae membranaceae)|
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