Shock (patient information)

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Shock

Overview

What are the symptoms?

What are the causes?

Diagnosis

When to seek urgent medical care?

Treatment options

Where to find medical care for Shock?

Prevention

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Shock On the Web

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

Images of Shock

Videos on Shock

FDA on Shock

CDC on Shock

Shock in the news

Blogs on Shock

Directions to Hospitals Treating Shock

Risk calculators and risk factors for Shock

Overview

Shock happens when not enough blood and oxygen can get to your organs and tissues. It causes very low blood pressure and may be life threatening. It often happens along with a serious injury.

What are the symptoms of shock?

Symptoms of shock include:

  • Confusion or lack of alertness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Sudden and ongoing rapid heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Pale skin
  • A weak pulse
  • Rapid breathing
  • Decreased or no urine output
  • Cool hands and feet

What causes shock?

There are several kinds of shock. Hypovolemic shock happens when you lose a lot of blood or fluids. Causes include internal or external bleeding, dehydration, burns, and severe vomiting and/or diarrhea. Septic shock is caused by infections in the bloodstream. A severe allergic reaction can cause anaphylactic shock. An insect bite or sting might cause it. Cardiogenic shock happens when the heart cannot pump blood effectively. This may happen after a heart attack. Neurogenic shock is caused by damage to the nervous system.

Who is at highest risk?

Diagnosis

When to seek urgent medical care?

Shock is a life-threatening medical emergency and it is important to get help right away.

Treatment options

Treatment of shock depends on the cause.

Contraindicated medications

Shock is considered an absolute contraindication to the use of the following medications:

Where to find medical care for shock?

Prevention

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Possible complications


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