Premolar

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Overview

Premolar
Gray1003.png
The permanent teeth, viewed from the right.
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Permanent teeth of right half of lower dental arch, seen from above.
Latin dentes premolares
Gray's subject #242 1118
MeSH Premolar
Dorlands/Elsevier t_13/12813062

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Premolar

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The premolar teeth or bicuspids are transitional teeth located between the canine and molar teeth. In humans, there are two premolars per quadrant, making eight premolars total in the mouth. They have at least two cusps. Premolars can be considered as a 'transitional tooth' during chewing, or mastication. It has properties of both the anterior canines and posterior molars, and so food can be transferred from the canines to the premolars and finally to the molars for grinding, instead of directly from the canines to the molars.

The premolars in humans are the maxillary first premolar, maxillary second premolar, mandibular first premolar, and the mandibular second premolar.

There is always one large buccal cusp, especially so in the mandibular first premolar. The lower second premolar always presents with two lingual cusps.

Premolar teeth by definition are permanent teeth distal to the canines preceded by deciduous molars. In primitive mammals there are four premolars per quadrant. The most mesial two have been lost in New World monkeys, apes, and humans. Paleontologists refer to human premolars as Pm3 and Pm4.

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| group5 = Clinical Trials Involving Premolar | list5 = Ongoing Trials on Premolar at Clinical Trials.govTrial results on PremolarClinical Trials on Premolar at Google


| group6 = Guidelines / Policies / Government Resources (FDA/CDC) Regarding Premolar | list6 = US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on PremolarNICE Guidance on PremolarNHS PRODIGY GuidanceFDA on PremolarCDC on Premolar


| group7 = Textbook Information on Premolar | list7 = Books and Textbook Information on Premolar


| group8 = Pharmacology Resources on Premolar | list8 = AND (Dose)}} Dosing of PremolarAND (drug interactions)}} Drug interactions with PremolarAND (side effects)}} Side effects of PremolarAND (Allergy)}} Allergic reactions to PremolarAND (overdose)}} Overdose information on PremolarAND (carcinogenicity)}} Carcinogenicity information on PremolarAND (pregnancy)}} Premolar in pregnancyAND (pharmacokinetics)}} Pharmacokinetics of Premolar


| group9 = Genetics, Pharmacogenomics, and Proteinomics of Premolar | list9 = AND (pharmacogenomics)}} Genetics of PremolarAND (pharmacogenomics)}} Pharmacogenomics of PremolarAND (proteomics)}} Proteomics of Premolar


| group10 = Newstories on Premolar | list10 = Premolar in the newsBe alerted to news on PremolarNews trends on Premolar</small>


| group11 = Commentary on Premolar | list11 = Blogs on Premolar

| group12 = Patient Resources on Premolar | list12 = Patient resources on PremolarDiscussion groups on PremolarPatient Handouts on PremolarDirections to Hospitals Treating PremolarRisk calculators and risk factors for Premolar


| group13 = Healthcare Provider Resources on Premolar | list13 = Symptoms of PremolarCauses & Risk Factors for PremolarDiagnostic studies for PremolarTreatment of Premolar

| group14 = Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programs on Premolar | list14 = CME Programs on Premolar

| group15 = International Resources on Premolar | list15 = Premolar en EspanolPremolar en Francais

| group16 = Business Resources on Premolar | list16 = Premolar in the MarketplacePatents on Premolar

| group17 = Informatics Resources on Premolar | list17 = List of terms related to Premolar


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