A phylogenetic network is any graph used to visualize evolutionary relationships between species or organisms. It is employed when reticulate events such as hybridization, horizontal gene transfer, recombination, or gene duplication and loss are believed to be involved. Phylogenetic trees are a subset of phylogenetic networks. Phylogenetic networks can be inferred and visualised with software such as SplitsTree.
D. H. Huson and D. Bryant, Application of Phylogenetic Networks in Evolutionary Studies, Mol. Biol. Evol., 23(2):254-267, 2006.|
Makarenkov, V., Kevorkov, D. and Legendre, P. (2006),Phylogenetic Network Reconstruction Approaches, Applied Mycology and Biotechnology, International Elsevier Series, vol. 6. Bioinformatics, 61-97.
- A tutorial that reviews the terminology used for phylogenetic networks and covers both split networks and reticulate networks, their definition and interpretation.
- SplitsTree4: comprehensive program for computing phylogenetic trees and networks, freely available for Linux/Unix, MacOS and Windows.
- Software for computing networks.
- Network inferring on the T-REX server
Topics in phylogenetics
|Relevant fields||phylogenetics | computational phylogenetics | molecular phylogeny | cladistics|
|Basic concepts||synapomorphy | phylogenetic tree | phylogenetic network | long branch attraction|
|Phylogeny inference methods||maximum parsimony | maximum likelihood | neighbour joining | UPGMA | Bayesian inference | Least Squares|
|Current topics||PhyloCode | DNA barcoding|
|List of evolutionary biology topics|
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