List of emotions

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Emotions

Acceptance
Affection
Anger
Annoyance
Apathy
Anxiety
Awe
Boredom
Compassion
Confusion
Contempt
Curiosity
Depression
Desire
Disgust
Disappointment
Doubt
Ecstasy
Empathy
Envy
Embarrassment
Euphoria
Fear
Frustration
Gratitude
Grief
Guilt
Happiness
Hatred
Hope
Horror
Hostility
Hysteria
Interest
Jealousy
Pity
Pride
Rage
Regret
Remorse
Revenge
Sadness
Shame
Suffering
Surprise
Wonder
Worry

v  d  e

This is a list of emotions.

Stoic Passions

The Stoics named four primary passions. In On Passions, Andronicus reported the Stoic definitions of these passions (trans. Long & Sedley, pg. 411, modified):

Distress 
Distress is an irrational contraction, or a fresh opinion that something bad is present, at which people think it right to be depressed.
Fear 
Fear is an irrational aversion, or avoidance of an expected danger.
Lust 
Lust is an irrational desire, or pursuit of an expected good.
Delight 
Delight is an irrational swelling, or a fresh opinion that something good is present, at which people think it right to be elated.

Numerous subdivisions of the same class are brought under the head of the separate passions. The definitions are those of the translation of Cicero's Tusculan Disputations by J. E. King.

Distress

Envy 
Envy is distress incurred by reason of a neighbor's prosperity.
Rivalry 
Rivalry is distress, should another be in possession of the object desired and one has to go without it oneself.
Jealousy 
Jealousy is distress arising from the fact that the thing one has coveted oneself is in the possession of the other man as well as one's own.
Compassion 
Compassion is distress arising from the wretchedness of a neighbor in undeserved suffering.
Anxiety 
Anxiety is oppressive distress.
Mourning 
Mourning is distress arising from the untimely absence of a beloved object.
Sadness 
Sadness is tearful distress.
Troubling 
Troubling is burdensome distress.
Grief 
Grief is torturing distress.
Lamenting 
Distress accompanied by wailing.
Depression 
Depression is distress accompanied by brooding.
Vexation 
Vexation is lasting distress.
Despondency 
Despondency is distress without any prospect of amelioration.

Fear

Sluggishness 
Sluggishness is fear of ensuing toil.
Shame 
Shame is fear causing diffusion of blood.
Fright 
Fright is paralyzing fear which causes paleness, trembling and chattering of teeth.
Timidity 
Timidity is fear of approaching evil.
Consternation 
Consternation is fear upsetting the mental balance.
Pusillanimity 
Pusillanimity is fear following on the heels of fright like an attendant.
Bewilderment 
Bewilderment is fear paralyzing thought.
Faintheartedness 
Faintheartedness is lasting fear.

Lust

Anger 
Anger is lust of punishing the man who is thought to have inflicted an undeserved injury.
Rage 
Rage is anger springing up and suddenly showing itself.
Hatred 
Hatred is inveterate anger.
Enmity 
Enmity is anger watching as opportunity for revenge.
Wrath 
Wrath is anger of greater bitterness conceived in the innermost heart and soul.
Greed 
Greed is insatiable lust.
Longing 
Longing is lust of beholding someone who is not present.

Delight

Malice 
Malice is pleasure derived from a neighbor's evil which brings no advantage to oneself.
Rapture 
Rapture is pleasure soothing the soul by charm of the sense of hearing.
Smug
Arrogant and/or a feeling of knowing everything
Ostentation 
Ostentation is pleasure shown in outward demeanor and puffing oneself out extravagantly.

Plutchik's wheel of emotions

Robert Plutchik created a wheel of emotions in 1980 which consisted of 8 basic emotions and 8 advanced emotions each composed of 2 basic ones.[1]

Basic emotion Basic opposite
Joy Sadness
Acceptance Disgust
Fear Anger
Surprise Anticipation
Sadness Joy
Disgust Acceptance
Anger Fear
Anticipation Surprise
Advanced emotion Composed of... Advanced opposite
Optimism Anticipation + Joy Disappointment
Love Joy + Acceptance Remorse
Submission Acceptance + Fear Contempt
Awe Fear + Surprise Aggressiveness
Disappointment Surprise + Sadness Optimism
Remorse Sadness + Disgust Love
Contempt Disgust + Anger Submission
Aggressiveness Anger + Anticipation Awe

Lojban emotions

The artificial language Lojban has interjections expressing degrees of emotions. These include:

  • Simple emotions
  • Complex emotions
  • Pure emotions
  • Propositional attitudes
    • attentive - inattentive - avoiding
    • alertness - exhaustion
    • intent - indecision - refusal
    • effort - no real effort - repose
    • hope - despair
    • desire - indifference - reluctance
    • interest - no interest - repulsion
  • Complex propositional attitudes
    • permission - prohibition
    • competence - incompetence
    • obligation - freedom
    • constraint - independence - resistance to constraint
    • request - negative request
    • suggestion - no suggestion - warning
    • understand - confused

See also

External links

ar:قائمة المشاعر fa:فهرست احساسات nl:Lijst van emotiessimple:List of emotions

  1. Plutchik, R. "The Nature of Emotions". Retrieved 2008-05-08. 

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