HaeIII is one of the 100+ restriction enzymes (endonucleases) discovered since 1970. It was isolated from the Haemophilus aegyptius bacteria, and has a molecular weight of 37126. The enzyme's recognition site—the place where it cuts DNA molecules—is the GGCC nucleotide sequence. This enzyme's gene has been sequenced and cloned.
Mechanism of action
The enzyme cleaves the DNA at the positions where the GGCC sequence is found. The cleavage occurs between the second and the third nucleotides (G and C). The resulting DNA fragments are known as restriction fragments. HaeIII cuts both strands of DNA in the same location, yielding restriction fragments with blunt ends.
- Rawn, J. David (1989). Biochemistry, International Edition. ISBN 0-89278-405-9
- NCBI Sequence Viewer.
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