Endocardial cushions

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Endocardial cushions
Interior of dorsal half of heart from a human embryo of about thirty days.
Gray's subject #135 512
Carnegie stage 14
Days 27
Precursor neural crest[1]
Gives rise to septum intermedium
Dorlands/Elsevier c_68/12272771

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

The lumen of the atrial canal is reduced to a transverse slit, and two thickenings appear, one on its dorsal and another on its ventral wall. These thickenings, or endocardial cushions as they are termed, project into the canal, and, meeting in the middle line, unite to form the septum intermedium which divides the canal into two channels, the future right and left atrioventricular orifices.

See also


  1. Maschhoff KL, Baldwin HS (2000). <280::AID-AJMG1278>3.0.CO;2-N "Molecular determinants of neural crest migration". Am. J. Med. Genet. 97 (4): 280–8. PMID 11376439.

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.