Eisenmenger’s syndrome risk factors
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The common risk factors for Eisenmenger's syndrome include genetic mutations, exposure to rubella virus, and drug and alcohol abuse during pregnancy. Less common risk factors include poor healthcare access and patients in developing countries.
Common Risk Factors
- Large and complex cardiac defects
- Genetic mutations: Families with a history of congenital heart disease may be at an increased risk for carrying and expressing the trait.
- Exposure to rubella during pregnancy.
- Drug and alcohol exposure during pregnancy.
Less Common Risk Factors
Less common risk factors for Eisenmenger's syndrome include:
- Patients in developing countries: may present with the late complications of congenital heart diseases.
- Poor healthcare access.
- Daliento L, Somerville J, Presbitero P, Menti L, Brach-Prever S, Rizzoli G; et al. (1998). "Eisenmenger syndrome. Factors relating to deterioration and death". Eur Heart J. 19 (12): 1845–55. doi:10.1053/euhj.1998.1046. PMID 9886728.
- Celermajer DS (2017). "Eisenmenger syndrome: a rare malady that continues to fascinate". Eur Heart J. 38 (26): 2068–2069. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehx176. PMID 28431027.