Dysentery overview

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Dysentery is bloody diarrhoea, i.e. any diarrhoeal episode in which the loose or watery stools contain visible red blood. Dysentery is most often caused by Shigella species (bacillary dysentery) or Entamoeba histolytica (amoebic dysentery).

Epidemiology and Demographics

Insufficient data exists, but conservative estimates from the WHO suggest that 90 million cases of Shigellosis are contracted annually, with at least 100,000 of these resulting in death.[1] Amebiasis is infecting over 50 million people each year, killing about 50,000.[2]

References

  1. World Health Organization. "Diarrhoeal Diseases". Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  2. Byrne, Joseph Patrick (2008). Encyclopedia of Pestilence, Pandemics, and Plagues: A-M. ABC-CLIO. pp. 175–176. ISBN 0-313-34102-8.



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