|Systematic name||2,3-Butanedione Dioxime|
|Other names|| Dimethylglyoxime, |
|Molar mass||116.1194 g/mol|
|Appearance||White/Off White Powder|
|Density and phase||1.37 g/cm3|
|Solubility in water||low|
|Other solvents||ethanol, acetone|
|Melting point||240 - 241 °C (513.15 K)|
|Main hazards||Toxic, Skin/Eye Irritant|
|R/S statement|| R: 20/22 |
|Supplementary data page|
| Structure and
|n, É√r, etc.|
|Spectral data||UV, IR, NMR, MS|
|Related compounds||Hydroxylamine, salicylaldoxime|
| Except where noted otherwise, data are given for|
materials in their standard state (at 25°C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references
Dimethylglyoxime is a chemical compound described by the formula CH3C(NOH)C(NOH)CH3. It is the dioxime derivative of the diketone diacetyl (also known as 2,3-butanedione). DmgH2 is used in the analysis of palladium or nickel. Its coordination complexes are of theoretical interest as models for enzymes and as catalysts. Many related ligands can be prepared from other diketones, e.g. benzil.
- CH3C(O)CH2CH3 + CH3CH2ONO → CH3C(O)C(NOH)CH3 + CH3CH2OH
- CH3C(O)C(NOH)CH3 + HONHSO3Na → CH3C(NOH)C(NOH)CH3 + NaHSO4
Ni(dmgH)2ethanol. It is the conjugate base, not dmgH2 itself, that forms the complexes. Furthermore, a pair of dmgH- ligands are joined through hydrogen bonds to give a macrocyclic ligand. The most famous complex is the bright red Ni(dmgH)2, formed by treatment of Ni(II) sources with dmgH2. This planar complex is very poorly soluble and is used for the gravimetric determination of nickel, e.g. in ores.
The nitrogen atoms in dmgH2 and its complexes are sp2 hybridized. Because of the planarity of the resulting ligand, the macrocycle [dmgH]22- resembles some biologically important macrocyclic ligands, as found for example in vitamin B12 and myoglobin. A well known family of model complexes, the cobaloximes, have the formula CoR(dmgH)2L, where R is an alkyl group and L is typically pyridine. In this complex, L and R occupy “axial” positions on the cobalt, perpendicular to the plane of the (dmgH)2.
- ↑ Semon, W. L.; Damerell, V. R. “Dimethylglyoxime” Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 2, p.204 (1943). http://www.orgsyn.org/orgsyn/pdfs/CV2P0204.pdf
- ↑ Girolami, G.. S.; Rauchfuss, T.B.; Angelici, R. J. (1999). Synthesis and Technique in Inorganic Chemistry: A Laboratory Manual, 3rd Ed, pp. 213-215.
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