Cranial root of accessory nerves

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Nerve: Cranial root of accessory nerves
Latin radix cranialis nervi accessorii, pars vagalis nervi accessorii
Gray's subject #206 913
/ Elsevier

The cranial part of accessory nerve (or root) is the smaller of the two portions of the accessory nerve.

Its fibers arise from the cells of the nucleus ambiguus and emerge as four or five delicate rootlets from the side of the medulla oblongata, below the roots of the vagus.

It runs lateralward to the jugular foramen, where it interchanges fibers with the spinal portion or becomes united to it for a short distance; here it is also connected by one or two filaments with the jugular ganglion of the vagus.

It then passes through the jugular foramen, separates from the spinal portion and is continued over the surface of the ganglion nodosum of the vagus, to the surface of which it is adherent, and is distributed principally to the pharyngeal and superior laryngeal branches of the vagus.

Through the pharyngeal branch it probably supplies the Musculus uvulæ and Levator veli palatini.

Some few filaments from it are continued into the trunk of the vagus below the ganglion, to be distributed with the recurrent nerve and probably also with the cardiac nerves.

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.