Commotio cordis primary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

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Primary Prevention

Equipment and dress used in several sports. clearly demonstrating the lack of protection against chest concussion. From left to right, top to bottom: boxing, field hockey, baseball, karate, cricket, lacrosse and soccer.
The mandatory use of heavily padded special vests in front of the thorax is generally sufficient to prevent high energy impacts to the precordium. The problem with many sports such as soccer, baseball and karate is that, despite the danger posed by a multitude of punches, kicks, pads, mallets, bats, pucks and balls moving at high speeds, etc., their dress codes represent an obstacle to the use of mechanical protection to the precordium for all players, or at least for goalkeepers, batters, ball catchers, etc.

For example, boxing traditionally requires a naked chest, cricket gear protects the legs but not the chest, and soccer has practically no protection gear at all; although the ball weights 450 grams, may reach speeds of 30 meters per second, and barrier defenses actually encourage the reception of the ball against the chest.

Parents of children active in these sports are advised to adopt simple protective measures, particularly in informal "backyard" games, which are often much more dangerous than formal ones, which require some protection.

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