Artificial kidney

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Artificial kidney is often a synonym for hemodialysis, but may also, more generally, refer to renal replacement therapies (with exclusion of renal transplantation) that are in use and/or in development. This article deals with bioengineered kidneys/bioartificial kidneys that are grown from renal cell lines/renal tissue.

Bio-engineered kidneys

Currently, no viable bioengineered kidneys exist. Numerous barriers exist to their creation.[1][2][3]


  1. Saito A, Aung T, Sekiguchi K, Sato Y, Vu D, Inagaki M, Kanai G, Tanaka R, Suzuki H, Kakuta T (2006). "Present status and perspectives of bioartificial kidneys". J Artif Organs. 9 (3): 130–5. PMID 16998696.
  2. Saito A, Aung T, Sekiguchi K, Sato Y (2006). "Present status and perspective of the development of a bioartificial kidney for chronic renal failure patients". Ther Apher Dial. 10 (4): 342–7. PMID 16911187.
  3. Wang P, Takezawa T (2005). "Reconstruction of renal glomerular tissue using collagen vitrigel scaffold". J Biosci Bioeng. 99 (6): 529–40. PMID 16233828.

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