Aortic stenosis

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Resident
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Aortic Stenosis Microchapters

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Patient Information

Overview

Classification

Acquired:
Rheumatic Aortic Stenosis
Congenital:
Bicuspid Aortic Stenosis
Subaortic Stenosis
Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Supravalvular Aortic Stenosis
Stages
Low Flow, Low Gradient Aortic Stenosis

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Aortic Stenosis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Cardiac Stress Test

Electrocardiogram

Chest X Ray

CT

MRI

Echocardiography

Cardiac Catheterization

Aortic Valve Area

Aortic Valve Area Calculation

Treatment

General Approach

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Percutaneous Aortic Balloon Valvotomy (PABV) or Aortic Valvuloplasty

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

TAVR vs SAVR
Critical Pathway
Patient Selection
Imaging
Evaluation
Valve Types
TAVR Procedure
Post TAVR management
AHA/ACC Guideline Recommendations

Follow Up

Prevention

Precautions and Prophylaxis

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Aortic stenosis On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Aortic stenosis

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Aortic stenosis

CDC on Aortic stenosis

Aortic stenosis in the news

Blogs on Aortic stenosis

Directions to Hospitals Treating Aortic stenosis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Aortic stenosis

For patient information, click here

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [2]; Mohammed A. Sbeih, M.D. [3]; Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S. [4]; Rim Halaby, M.D. [5]; Usama Talib, BSc, MD [6]; Seyedmahdi Pahlavani, M.D. [7]

Synonyms and Keywords: AS; critical AS; tight AS; aortic valve stenosis; calcific aortic stenosis; senile calcific aortic stenosis; degenerative calcific aortic stenosis

Overview

Classification

Acquired: Rheumatic Aortic Stenosis

Congenital: Bicuspid Aortic Stenosis | Subaortic Stenosis | Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis | Supravalvular Aortic Stenosis

Low Flow, Low Gradient Aortic Stenosis

Pathophysiology

Narrowing of the Aortic Valve | Left Ventricular Hypertrophy | Early Diastolic Dysfunction | Late Systolic Dysfunction | Atrial Fibrillation | Hemodynamics of Aortic Stenosis | Low Flow, Low Gradient Aortic Stenosis | Gross Pathology | Microscopic Pathology

Causes

Differentiating Aortic Stenosis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms | Physical Examination | Cardiac Stress Test | Electrocardiogram | Chest X Ray | CT | MRI | Echocardiography | Cardiac Catheterization | Aortic Valve Area | Aortic Valve Area Calculation

Treatment

General Approach | Medical Therapy | Surgery | Percutaneous Aortic Balloon Valvotomy (PABV) or Aortic Valvuloplasty | Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) | TAVI Procedure Guide | Follow Up | Prevention | Precautions and Prophylaxis | Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy | Future or Investigational Therapies

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