Amelogenesis imperfecta (patient information)

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Amelogenesis imperfecta

Overview

What are the symptoms?

What are the causes?

Diagnosis

When to seek urgent medical care?

Treatment options

Where to find medical care for Amelogenesis imperfecta?

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Possible complications

Amelogenesis imperfecta On the Web

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Amelogenesis imperfecta is a tooth development disorder in which the teeth are covered with thin, abnormally formed enamel.

What are the symptoms of Amelogenesis imperfecta?

The enamel of the tooth is soft and thin. The teeth appear yellow and are easily damaged. Both baby teeth and permanent teeth are affected.

What causes Amelogenesis imperfecta?

Amelogenesis imperfecta is passed down through families as a dominant trait. That means you only need to get the abnormal gene from one parent in order for you to get the disease.

Diagnosis

A dentist can identify and diagnose the condition.

When to seek urgent medical care?

Call your dentist if you have symptoms of this condition.

Treatment options

The treatment depends on the severity of the problem. Full crowns will improve the appearance of the teeth and protect them from damage.

Where to find medical care for Amelogenesis imperfecta?

Directions to Hospitals Treating Amelogenesis imperfecta

What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?

Treatment is often successful in protecting the teeth.

Possible complications

The enamel is easily fractured and damaged, which affects the appearance of the teeth, especially if left untreated.

Sources

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001578.htm



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