Altitude sickness classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Farima Kahe M.D. [2]

Overview

Altitude sickness may be classified according to clinical symptoms and the pathological changes of principally encroached organs into 2 groups acute and chronic.

Classification

  • Altitude sickness may be classified according to clinical symptoms and the pathological changes of principally encroached organs into 2 groups: [1][2]
    • Acute
      • High altitude acute response (HAAR)
      • High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE)
      • High altitude cerebral edema (HACE)
      • High altitude children cardiopathy (HACC).
    • Chronic
      • High altitude chronic response (HACR)
      • High altitude erythoblastosis (HAEb)
      • High altitude adult cardiopathy (HAAC)
      • High altitude hypertension (HAHyper)
      • High altitude hypotension (HAHypo)

References

  1. Li YY, Gao F, Bi YT (January 1990). "[Clinical classification of altitude sickness: analysis of 13,403 cases]". Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi (in Chinese). 29 (1): 35–8, 61–2. PMID 2401167.
  2. Dickinson JG (September 1982). "Terminology and classification of acute mountain sickness". Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 285 (6343): 720–1. PMC 1499838. PMID 6809207.



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