Abdominal distension overview

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Abdominal distension is most commonly caused by gas or intolerance of certain foods, but sometimes it is a sign of a more serious underlying disease or condition. For this reason, if the abdominal distension is new, different, or does not respond to over-the-counter medications, it is recommended to see a physician.

Causes

Abdominal distension can be a sign of many conditions affecting many organ systems. [1] [2]

Treatment

Surgery

Surgery is done if the underlying cause is a bowel obstruction, a hernia or a tumor.

References

  1. Sailer, Christian, Wasner, Susanne. Differential Diagnosis Pocket. Hermosa Beach, CA: Borm Bruckmeir Publishing LLC, 2002:77 ISBN 1591032016
  2. Kahan, Scott, Smith, Ellen G. In A Page: Signs and Symptoms. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2004:68 ISBN 140510368X



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