Vascular access steal syndrome
Synonyms and keywords: Steal syndrome
In nephrology, vascular access steal syndrome, also known less precisely as steal syndrome, refers to vascular insufficiency resulting from a poorly constructed arteriovenous fistula (Cimino fistula, or synthetic vascular graft-AV fistula).
History and Symptoms
- Pain distal to the fistula.
- Diminished pulses (distal to the fistula)
- Decreased wrist-brachial index (ratio of blood pressure measured in the wrist and the blood pressure measured in the upper arm)
- Access ligation/vein banding (banding of the fistula or a vessel distal to the fistula to restrict flow through the fistula)
- Porcellini M, Selvetella L, De Rosa P, Baldassarre M, Bauleo A, Capasso R. "[Hand ischemia due to "steal syndrome" in vascular access for hemodialysis]". G Chir. 18 (1–2): 27–30. PMID 9206477.
- Asif A, Leon C, Merrill D, Bhimani B, Ellis R, Ladino M, Gadalean F (2006). "Arterial steal syndrome: a modest proposal for an old paradigm". Am J Kidney Dis. 48 (1): 88–97. PMID 16797390.