Vaginal cancer MRI

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Syed Musadiq Ali M.B.B.S.[2]

Vaginal cancer Microchapters


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Historical Perspective




Differentiating Vaginal cancer from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


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Pelvic MRI may be helpful in the diagnosis of vaginal cancer.

Pelvic MRI

MRI can assist in determining the primary vaginal tumor size and local extent[1]. Imaging features will somewhat depend on the histologcial type of malignancy[2][3][4].

Reported general signal characteristics in general include :

  • T1: isointense to muscle
  • T2: high signal intensity compared with muscle

Reported signal charactersitics for squamous cell carcinoma include :

  • T1: low signal intensity
  • T2: intermediate signal intensity


  1. Taylor MB, Dugar N, Davidson SE, Carrington BM (June 2007). "Magnetic resonance imaging of primary vaginal carcinoma". Clin Radiol. 62 (6): 549–55. doi:10.1016/j.crad.2007.01.008. PMID 17467392.
  2. Rajaram S, Maheshwari A, Srivastava A (August 2015). "Staging for vaginal cancer". Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 29 (6): 822–32. doi:10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2015.01.006. PMID 25847318.
  3. Gardner CS, Sunil J, Klopp AH, Devine CE, Sagebiel T, Viswanathan C, Bhosale PR (August 2015). "Primary vaginal cancer: role of MRI in diagnosis, staging and treatment". Br J Radiol. 88 (1052): 20150033. doi:10.1259/bjr.20150033. PMC 4651370. PMID 25966291.
  4. Miccò M, Sala E, Lakhman Y, Hricak H, Vargas HA (December 2015). "Imaging Features of Uncommon Gynecologic Cancers". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 205 (6): 1346–59. doi:10.2214/AJR.14.12695. PMC 5502476. PMID 26587944.